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Announcement - MBE Meeting.
Pathophysiology of the microfibril/elastic fiber system: introduction
Human perlecan immunopurified from different endothelial cell sources has different adhesive properties for vascular cells.
Perlecan, a major heparan sulfate proteoglycan of vascularized tissues, was immunopurified from media conditioned by human endothelial cells of both arterial and venous origin. The heparan sulfate moiety of perlecan from cultured arterial cells differed in amount and/or composition from that produce...
Heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfation: a rare modification in search of a function.
I herpes simplex virus. In mammals, a family of seven heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferases installs sulfate groups at this position and constitutes the largest group of sulfotransferases involved in heparan sulfate formation. However, to date very few proteins or biological systems have been descri...
Dual functions for WNT5A during cartilage development and in disease
We mapped expression of WNT5A in the developing chicken skull and found that the highest expression was in early Meckel's cartilage but by stage 35 expression was decreased to background. We focused on chondrogenesis by targeting a retrovirus expressing WNT5A to the mandibular prominence prior to ce...
Dermatopontin promotes adhesion, spreading and migration of cardiac fibroblasts in vitro.
We evaluated the expression pattern of DPT mRNA and protein as well as its secretion in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) under conditions of hypoxia and serum deprivation (hypoxia/SD). Further, we tested the possible roles of DPT in CFs adhesion, spreading, mi...
Quantification of type II procollagen splice forms using alternative transcript-qPCR (AT-qPCR).
We show that this widely used method is inaccurate due to mismatched amplification efficiency of different-sized PCR products. We have developed the TaqMan®-based AT-qPCR (Alternative Transcript-qPCR) assay to more accurately quantify alternatively spliced mRNA, and demonstrate the measurement of Co...
From the editor's desk
Glycomic analyses of ovarian follicles during development and atresia
We identified the major disaccharides in thecal layers and the membrana granulosa as chondroitin sulfate-derived ∆uronic acid with 4-sulfated N-acetylgalactosamine and ∆uronic acid with 6-sulfated N-acetylgalactosamine and the heparan sulfate-derived Δuronic acid with N-acetlygl...
Decorin modulates collagen I-stimulated, but not fibronectin-stimulated, migration of C2C12 myoblasts
We looked at the effects decorin on fibronectin- and collagen I-stimulated myoblast migration. Dose response studies demonstrated 10 μg/ml, 5 μg/ml and 25 μg/ml as the optimal stimulatory concentrations of decorin (1.2 fold increase), fibronectin (3.5 fold increase) and collagen I...