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- CSA, Ovid from 2000, Ingenta, Gale, Wiley from 1987, Rcgp, and Proquest
The SaPIs are chromosomal islands in staphylococci and other Gram-positive bacteria that carry genes for superantigens, virulence factors, resistance and certain metabolic functions. They have intimate relationships with certain temperate phages involving phage-induced excision, replication and ...
Escherichia coli HU protein is a dimer encoded by two closely related genes whose expression is growth phase-dependent. As a major component of the bacterial nucleoid, HU binds to DNA non-specifically, but acts at the chromosomal origin (oriC) during initiation by stimulating strand opening in v...
Several epigenetic phenomena occur at ribosomal DNA loci in eukaryotic cells, including the silencing of Pol I and Pol II transcribed genes, silencing of replication origins and repression of recombination. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, studies focusing on the silencing of Pol II transcription an...
Post-translational histone modifications have been studied intensively in several eukaryotes. It has been proposed that these modifications constitute a 'histone code' that specifies epigenetic information for transcription regulation. With a limited number of histone-modifying enzymes, implying...
Bacteriorhodopsin, the photosynthetic protein of Halobacterium salinarum, is optimally expressed under anaerobic growth conditions. We identified Brz (OE3104F, bacteriorhodopsin-regulating zinc finger protein), a new regulator of the bop gene. It is a small protein with a zinc finger motif, enco...
A light-inducible promoter, P(B), drives expression of the carB operon in Myxococcus xanthus. Repressed by CarA in the dark, P(B) is activated when CarS, produced in the light, sequesters CarA to prevent operator-CarA binding. The MerR-type, N-terminal domain of CarA, which mediates interactions...
The Bacillus subtilis extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma(M) factor is activated by cell envelope stress elicited by antibiotics, and by acid, heat, ethanol and superoxide stresses. Here, we have used several complementary approaches to identify genes controlled by sigma(M). In many cases, exp...
spxB-encoded pyruvate oxidase is a major virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae. During aerobic growth, SpxB synthesizes H2O2 and acetyl phosphate, which play roles in metabolism, signalling, and oxidative stress. We report here the first cis- and trans-acting regulatory elements for spxB ...
Riboswitches are genetic control elements located mainly within the 5' untranslated regions of messenger RNAs. These RNA elements undergo conformational changes that modulate gene expression upon binding of regulatory signals including vitamins, amino acids, nucleobases and uncharged tRNA. The t...
The pathogen Vibrio cholerae modulates the expression of many genes in order to transition from its environmental reservoir to its niche in the human host. Among these are genes encoding two related Type IV pili, the mannose-sensitive haemagglutinin (MSHA) pilus, which aids V. cholerae persisten...