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Combined remediation and lipid production using Chlorella sorokiniana grown on wastewater and exhaust gases.
Substitution of conventional feedstock with waste based alternatives is one route towards both remediation and reducing costs associated with production of algal biomass. This work explores whether exhaust gases and wastewater can replace conventional feedstock in the production of biomass from Chlo...
Fractionation of bamboo culms by autohydrolysis, organosolv delignification and extended delignification: Understanding the fundamental chem...
Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) was successfully fractionated using a three-step integrated process: (1) autohydrolysis pretreatment facilitating xylooligosaccharide (XOS) production (2) organosolv delignification with organic acids to obtain high-purity lignin, and (3) extended delignification wit...
Isolation and identification of methanethiol-utilizing bacterium CZ05 and its application in bio-trickling filter of biogas.
A bacterium capable of methanethiol (MT) degradation was enriched and isolated by employing activated sewage sludge as the inoculum in a mineral medium containing MT. The isolate was identified as Paenibacillus polymyxa CZ05 through a Biolog test and 16S rDNA sequencing. This strain can utilize both...
Characterization of three Chlorella sorokiniana strains in anaerobic digested effluent from cattle manure.
Chlorella sorokiniana CS-01, UTEX 1230 and UTEX 2714 were maintained in 10% anaerobic digester effluent (ADE) from cattle manure digestion and compared with algal cultivation in Bold's Basal Medium (BBM). Biomass of CS-01 and UTEX 1230 in ADE produced similar or greater than 280mg/L after 21days in...
Monomeric carbohydrates production from olive tree pruning biomass: Modeling of dilute acid hydrolysis.
Statistical modeling and optimization of dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis of olive tree pruning biomass has been performed using response surface methodology. Central composite rotatable design was applied to assess the effect of acid concentration, reaction time and temperature on efficiency and sel...
Recirculation or artificial aeration in vertical flow constructed wetlands: A comparative study for treating high load wastewater.
Vertical subsurface-flow constructed wetlands at pilot-scale have been applied to treat high hydraulic and organic loads by implementing the following configurations: (1) intermittent recirculation of the treated wastewater from the bottom to the top of the bed, (2) intermittent artificial aeration...
Improved volatile fatty acid and biomethane production from lipid removed microalgal residue (LRμAR) through pretreatment.
Renewable energy from lipid removed microalgal residues (LRμARs) serves as a promising tool for sustainable development of the microalgal biodiesel industry. Hence, in this study, LRμAR from Ettlia sp. was characterized for its physico-biochemical parameters, and applied to various pretreatment to i...
Extrusion of xylans extracted from corn cobs into biodegradable polymeric materials.
Solvent casting technique, which comprises multiple energy demanding steps including the dissolution of a polymer in a solvent followed by the evaporation of the solvent from the polymer solution, is currently the main technique for the production of xylan based polymeric materials. The present stud...
Bioelectricity generation in continuously-fed microbial fuel cell: Effects of anode electrode material and hydraulic retention time.
The main aim of this study is to investigate the bioelectricity production in continuously-fed dual chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC). Initially, MFC was operated with different anode electrode material at constant hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2d to evaluate the effect of electrode material o...
Molecular characterization of microbial populations in full-scale biofilters treating iron, manganese and ammonia containing groundwater in ...
In iron and manganese-containing groundwater treatment for drinking water production, biological filter is an effective process to remove such pollutants. Until now the exact microbial mechanism of iron and manganese removal, especially coupled with other pollutants, such as ammonia, has not been cl...