Seminars in Immunology
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- Sciencedirect from 1993, CSA, Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, and Ingenta
Insights from the worm: the C. elegans model for innate immunity.
The nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans comprises an ancestral immune system. C. elegans recognizes and responds to viral, bacterial, and fungal infections. Components of the RNA interference machinery respond to viral infection, while highly conserved MAPK signaling pathways activate the innate im...
TWEAK/Fn14 axis: the current paradigm of tissue injury-inducible function in the midst of complexities.
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a TNF family ligand, and its only known signaling receptor, FGF-inducible molecule-14 (Fn14), have emerged as a key molecular pathway regulating tissue responses after acute tissue injury and in contexts of chronic injury and disease, including autoimmunit...
Ectodysplasin research--where to next?
Ectodysplasin (Eda) is the most studied tumor necrosis ligand in the field of developmental biology. In all vertebrates studied so far, inactivating germline mutations in Eda lead to the genetic disease called hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). In humans, HED is a life-threatening condition in...
The role of chemokines and chemokine receptors in alloantigen-independent and alloantigen-dependent transplantation injury
Transplantation injury and rejection involves the interplay of innate and acquired immune responses. Immune-related injury manifests itself in three temporal phases: early innate immune driven alloantigen-independent injury, acquired immune driven alloantigen-dependent injury, and chronic injury. Seq...
Cancer vaccines: the state of the art.
The CD94/NKG2C+ NK-cell subset on the edge of innate and adaptive immunity to human cytomegalovirus infection.
We originally reported that HCMV infection promotes, to a variable degree in healthy individuals, a redistribution of the NK-cell receptor (NKR) repertoire which persists under steady-state conditions. Its hallmark is an expansion of a mature NK-cell subset displaying high surface levels of the CD94...
Stratification and compartmentalisation of immunoglobulin responses to commensal intestinal microbes.
The gastrointestinal tract is heavily colonized with commensal microbes with the concentration of bacteria increasing longitudinally down the length of the intestine. Bacteria are also spatially distributed transversely from the epithelial surface to the intestinal lumen with the inner mucus layer n...
Identity crisis of Th17 cells: Many forms, many functions, many questions
• Th17 cells are potent regulators linked to induction and persistence of inflammation. • The human Th17 compartment is heterogeneous with pro- and anti-inflammatory c...
CD4 CTL: living up to the challenge.
I restricted precursor cells and promotes the lineage commitment of CD8αβ(+) cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL). ThPOK continues to repress the CTL gene program in mature CD4(+) T cells, even as they differentiate into effector Th cell subsets. The Th cell fate however is not fixed and two recent studies...
T cell metabolism and the immune response.
As T cells respond to pathogens, they must transition from a quiescent, naïve state, to a rapidly proliferating, active effector state, and back again to a quiescent state as they develop into memory cells. Such transitions place unique metabolic demands on the differentiating cells. T cells meet th...