Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
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- Aaas, Rupress, Nephrology, Gale, CSA, Csh, Endocrine, Ama, Proquest, Aacr, and Highwire from 1958
The effect of incremental changes in phonotactic probability and neighborhood density on word learning by preschool children.
Phonotactic probability or neighborhood density has predominately been defined through the use of gross distinctions (i.e., low vs. high). In the current studies, the authors examined the influence of finer changes in probability (Experiment 1) and density (Experiment 2) on word learning. The author...
Effect of perceptual load on semantic access by speech in children.
To examine whether semantic access by speech requires attention in children. Children (N = 200) named pictures and ignored distractors on a cross-modal (distractors: auditory-no face) or multimodal (distractors: auditory-static face and audiovisual-dynamic face) picture word task. The cross-modal ta...
Sentence comprehension in specific language impairment: a task designed to distinguish between cognitive capacity and syntactic complexity.
This study examined sentence comprehension in children with specific language impairment (SLI) in a manner designed to separate the contribution of cognitive capacity from the effects of syntactic structure. Nineteen children with SLI, 19 typically developing children matched for age (TD-A), and 19...
Semantic convergence in spanish-english bilingual children with primary language impairment.
To examine the degree of convergence in word association responses produced by bilingual children with primary language impairment (PLI) in relation to bilingual age peers. Thirty-seven Spanish-English bilingual children with PLI, 37 typically developing (TD) controls, and a normative sample of 112...
Acoustics of clear speech: effect of instruction.
This study investigated how different instructions for eliciting clear speech affected selected acoustic measures of speech. Twelve speakers were audio-recorded reading 18 different sentences from the Assessment of Intelligibility of Dysarthric Speech ( Yorkston & Beukelman, 1984). Sentences were p...
Effects of sampling context on spontaneous expressive language in males with fragile X syndrome or Down syndrome.
In this study, the authors examined the impact of sampling context on multiple aspects of expressive language in male participants with fragile X syndrome in comparison to male participants with Down syndrome or typical development. Participants with fragile X syndrome ( n = 27), ages 10-17 years,...
Frequency response of synthetic vocal fold models with linear and nonlinear material properties.
Nonlinear synthetic models appear to more accurately represent the human vocal folds than linear models, especially with respect to F(0) response....
Asymmetries in the processing of vowel height.
Larger MMNs occurred when the mid vowel [ε] was a deviant to standard [æ], a result consistent with less specific representations for mid vowels. MMNs of equal magnitude were elicited in the high-low comparison, consistent with more specific representations for both high and low vowels. M100 dipo...
Measuring speech recognition in children with cochlear implants in a virtual classroom.
Direct connect testing with reverberant test materials allows assessment of speech recognition under conditions typical of classrooms and could be useful in identifying children with CIs whose performance decreases significantly in the presence of reverberation and noise....
Vowel identification by listeners with hearing impairment in response to variation in formant frequencies.
This study examined the influence of presentation level and mild-to-moderate hearing loss on the identification of a set of vowel tokens systematically varying in the frequency locations of their second and third formants. Five listeners with normal hearing (NH listeners) and five listeners with hea...