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Sensory inputs control the integration of neurogliaform interneurons into cortical circuits.
We report that, during early development, superficially positioned Reelin-expressing neurogliaform interneurons in the mouse somatosensory cortex receive afferent innervation from both cortical and thalamic excitatory sources. Attenuation of ascending sensory, but not intracortical, excitation leads...
Changes in house rules
Corrigendum: Links from complex spikes to local plasticity and motor learning in the cerebellum of awake-behaving monkeys
Kuru, moral peril and the creation of value in science
Dopaminergic and glutamatergic microdomains in a subset of rodent mesoaccumbens axons.
We found that some mesoaccumbens fibers have vesicular transporters for dopamine (VMAT2) in axon segments that are continuous with axon terminals that lack VMAT2, but contain vesicular glutamate transporters type 2 (VGluT2). In vivo overexpression of VMAT2 did not change the segregation of the two v...
GDNF is not required for catecholaminergic neuron survival in vivo.
Novel domain formation reveals proto-architecture in inferotemporal cortex.
We intensively trained seven juvenile monkeys to recognize three distinct sets of shapes. After training, the monkeys developed regions that were selectively responsive to each trained set. The location of each specialization was similar across monkeys, despite differences in training order. This in...
Rods in daylight act as relay cells for cone-driven horizontal cell-mediated surround inhibition.
We show that at bright light levels, mouse rods act as relay cells for cone-driven horizontal cell-mediated surround inhibition. In response to large, bright stimuli that activate their surrounds, rods depolarize. Rod depolarization increases with stimulus size, and its action spectrum matches that...
Activity-dependent regulation of astrocyte GAT levels during synaptogenesis.
We found that at mid-pupal stages the Drosophila melanogaster CNS neuropil was devoid of astrocyte membranes and synapses. Astrocyte membranes subsequently infiltrated the neuropil coordinately with synaptogenesis, and astrocyte ablation reduced synapse numbers by half, indicating that Drosophila as...
Two distinct layer-specific dynamics of cortical ensembles during learning of a motor task.
We conducted two-photon calcium imaging in mouse M1 during 14 training sessions of a self-initiated lever-pull task. In L2/3, the accuracy of neuronal ensemble prediction of lever trajectory remained unchanged globally, with a subset of individual neurons retaining high prediction accuracy throughou...