Central European journal of public health
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Variations in nicotine yields between single cigarettes.
It is beyond any doubt that nicotine yield in cigarettes as determined using standard ISO method bears almost no relation to smokers' actual intake. However, the ISO method is still in use in many countries where the government is responsible for controlling and monitoring cigarette...
Promoting health in rural Transylvania, Romania. a descriptive analysis of health promotion activities.
Even though efforts are made to reduce health disparities, promote health for all social groups and improve health outcomes, inconsistencies still exist. Existing evidence shows that lack of funding, lack of properly trained workforce, as well as heavy workload on health care workers...
The history of papillomavirus research.
Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk for developing coronary heart disease.
We used data from a case-control study, conducted from 2001 to 2003, among 290 randomly selected cases (mean age 59.98 +/- 10.03 years) with first event of an acute coronary syndrome and 290 selected paired controls by sex, age and region (mean age 59.43 +/- 10.10 years), admitted to the same hospit...
Evaluation of reactogenicity and immunogenicity of two influenza vaccines (vaxigrip and fluarix) in the season 1996-1997.
Influenza is a very serious disease, which causes thousands of deaths all over the world every year. As there is so far no sufficiently effective causal therapy of influenza the main function of vaccination lies in prevention. Influenza is a major problem especially in collective facilities. Therefo...
Cancer incidence around the Nuclear Power Plant Jaslovské Bohunice.
The total cancer incidence in our district has been increasing during years 1986-1995. Standardised cancer incidence in district Trnava in 1994 to European population was 278.12 per 100,000 inhabitants. Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Jaslovské Bohunice is situated in the centre of the district of Trnava...
Detection of Listeria in raw and pasteurized milk.
One hundred raw milk samples from different regions of Anatolia and 20 pasteurized milk samples from three different manufacturers in Ankara were analyzed for the presence of Listeria spp. L. monocytogenes was found in 1% of the raw milk samples and in 5% (1/20) of the pasteurized milk samples. L. i...
Scientific basis for an air quality standard on benzene.
The European Union is developing a comprehensive programme of air quality standards (AQS), including benzene. For that purpose, CONCAWE has reviewed the data to support a scientifically derived AQS for benzene and has concluded that 30 ppb (96 micrograms/m3) as an annual TWA could be used as a basis...
Rapid method for analysis of chloroacetanilide and chloronitrophenoxyaniline herbicides by gas chromatography.
The herbicides Alachlor and Alclonifen are recently used in France for pre-emergent weed control in corn, essentially in association. For this reason, an improved method has been developed by gas chromatography for simultaneously characterising and quantifying the two herbicides. The best conditions...
Changes in receptor function by oxidative stress in guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle.
We studied the effects of hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid and ozone on muscarinic and beta-adrenergic receptor responses in guinea pig tracheal tissue. Pretreatment of the tracheal strips with hydrogen peroxide (up to 10 mM) did not affect the muscarinic or beta-adrenergic receptor responses af...