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Abstracts of the 18th Congress of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology. November 11-14, 2013. Yokohama, Japan.
Stem cells: a recapitulation of development.
Pluripotent stem cells are cells that can differentiate into any tissue from all germ layers and include embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent cells (iPS). Embryonic stem cells are derived from 8-day blastocysts obtained from unutilized embryos following in vitro fertilization, while iPS is o...
Response of the COPD Assessment Test to pulmonary rehabilitation in unselected chronic respiratory disease.
The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is a recently introduced, simple-to-use health status instrument that takes less time to complete than better-established health status instruments. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, the CAT improves with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), and chang...
Disease progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis without pulmonary function impairment.
We studied patients with IPF without pulmonary function impairment in order to determine the clinical features, natural history and key findings for physiological progression. Twenty-five patients without pulmonary function impairment were identified from among patients with previously diagnosed IPF...
Diagnostic utility of peripheral endobronchial ultrasound with electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy in peripheral lung nodules.
This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic utility of peripheral endobronchial ultrasound (pEBUS) followed by as-needed electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) for sampling peripheral lung nodules. The study was a single-arm, prospective cohort study of patients with peripheral lung nodule...
Elevated circulating cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 levels are related to lung function and inflammation in chronic obstructive...
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is involved in immune and inflammation regulation. The present study aimed to investigate the association between CTLA-4 and COPD. Data revealed that serum levels of CTLA-4 were elevated in COPD patients, inversely correlated with lung function an...
Challenges to the global control of tuberculosis.
Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) will likely navigate a historical turning point in the 2010s with a new management paradigm emerging. However, global control of TB remains a formidable challenge for the decades to come. The estimated case detection rate of TB globally was 66%, and there...
Effect of a pleural checklist on patient safety in the ultrasound era.
I (58.7 ± 18.9 years) and 134 patients in Phase II (60.2 ± 19.6 years). Complications occurred for 10 patients (8.3%) in Phase I (six dry taps, three pneumothoraces, one haemothorax) and for 2 patients (1.5%) in Phase II (one significant bleed, one malposition of chest tube) (P = 0.015). There were...