Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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Ovid from 2001, CSA, Endocrine, Gale, BMJ Group, Ama, Aacr, Nephrology, Jstor, Rupress, Proquest, Aaas, BMJ, Csh, and Highwire from 1944

  1. Shift work and subfecundity: a causal link or an artefact?

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E12 (2003) PMID 12937208 PMCID PMC1740621

    The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) was used to examine whether shift work is associated with reduced fecundity as estimated by time to pregnancy (TTP). From 1 March 1998 to 1 May 2000, 39 913 pregnant women were enrolled in the DNBC. Data on job characteristics and TTP (0-2, 3-5, 6-12, and ...
  2. Inflammatory potential of dust from schools and building related symptoms.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E5 (2003) PMID 12937201 PMCID PMC1740613

    To test whether the inflammatory potential of dust samples might be used to differentiate schools with high and low prevalence of building related symptoms (BRS) among the occupants. Ten schools with high prevalence of BRS and 10 schools with low prevalence were selected. Dust collected from flo...
  3. Do junior doctors take sick leave?

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):699 (2003) PMID 12937196 PMCID PMC1740639

    Nosocomial infections place a heavy burden on overstretched health services. An audit of junior doctors' sick leave behaviour was undertaken in 1993 and again in 2001. The object was to ascertain the level of common infectious illness and to investigate whether junior doctors were remaining at w...
  4. Occupation related pesticide exposure and cancer of the prostate: a meta-analysis.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):634 (2003) PMID 12937183 PMCID PMC1740608

    To summarise recent literature on the risk of prostate cancer in pesticide related occupations, to calculate the meta-rate ratio, and to compare it to data from meta-analyses previously published. A meta-analysis of 22 epidemiological studies, published between 1995 and 2001, was conducted in or...
  5. A mortality and morbidity study of refinery and petrochemical employees in Louisiana.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):627 (2003) PMID 12937182 PMCID PMC1740632

    To examine the mortality experience of 4221 employees from 1973 to 1999 and the illness absence patterns for 2203 employees from 1990 to 1999 of a chemical and refinery facility in Louisiana. Mortality and illness absence data were extracted from the Shell Oil Company's health surveillance syste...
  6. Prevalence and association of welding related systemic and respiratory symptoms in welders.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):655 (2003) PMID 12937186 PMCID PMC1740619

    The prevalence of welding related respiratory symptoms coexisting with welding related systemic symptoms in welders is unknown. To determine in a sample of welders the prevalence of coexisting welding related systemic symptoms indicative of metal fume fever (MFF) and welding related respiratory ...
  7. Can salivary lead be used for biological monitoring of lead exposed individuals?

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):696 (2003) PMID 12937195 PMCID PMC1740634

    Measurement of blood lead (BPb) is the usual method for biomonitoring of persons exposed to inorganic lead. To explore the use of salivary lead (SPb) as an alternative. BPb and SPb levels were measured in a group of 82 lead exposed adults. The mean BPb of the workers was 26.6 microg/dl (SD 8.6, ...
  8. Sex ratio at birth and exposure to petrochemicals.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):704; author reply 704 (2003) PMID 12937198 PMCID PMC1740636

  9. Prognosis of shoulder tendonitis in repetitive work: a follow up study in a cohort of Danish industrial and service workers.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E8 (2003) PMID 12937204 PMCID PMC1740623

    The physical and psychosocial work environment is expected to modify recovery from shoulder disorders, but knowledge is limited. In a follow up study of musculoskeletal disorders in industrial and service workers, 113 employees were identified with a history of shoulder pain combined with clinic...
  10. Age related differences in work injuries and permanent impairment: a comparison of workers' compensation claims among adolescents, young adults, and adults.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E10 (2003) PMID 12937206 PMCID PMC1740614

    There is growing evidence that adolescent workers are at greater risk for work injury. To investigate the severity of work injuries across age groups. Workers' compensation records were used to examine work related injuries among adolescents (15-19 years old), young adults (20-24 years old), and...
  11. Occupational asthma due to IgE mediated allergy to the flower Molucella laevis (Bells of Ireland).

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):701 (2003) PMID 12937197 PMCID PMC1740630

    About 25% of greenhouse flower and/or ornamental plant growers sensitised to workplace flowers or moulds have occupational asthma, a disease that is suffered by 8% of the growers who cultivate these crops. To document a case of occupational asthma due to IgE mediated allergy to the flower Moluce...
  12. Risk factors among elderly for short term deaths related to high levels of air pollution.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):684 (2003) PMID 12937192 PMCID PMC1740638

    Air pollution has been linked to increased rates of mortality, but little is known about individual characteristics related to the increase in risk. To examine short term effects of air pollution on daily mortality in elderly people in Bordeaux and compare characteristics of subjects > or =65 ye...
  13. Driving impairment due to sleepiness is exacerbated by low alcohol intake.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):689 (2003) PMID 12937193 PMCID PMC1740622

    To assess whether low blood alcohol concentrations (BACs), at around half the UK legal driving limit, and undetectable by police roadside breathalysers, further impair driving already affected by sleepiness, particularly in young men, who are the most "at risk" group of drivers for having sleep ...
  14. Agreement between hearing thresholds measured in non-soundproof work environments and a soundproof booth.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):667 (2003) PMID 12937188 PMCID PMC1740609

    To study the agreement between audiometric test results measured in non-soundproof environments at the worksite, and in a soundproof booth. In a cross sectional prevalence study on noise induced hearing loss, 885 transport workers whose hearing thresholds were measured by a standard audiometric ...
  15. Integrative assessment of multiple pesticides as risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among men.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E11 (2003) PMID 12937207 PMCID PMC1740618

    An increased rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has been repeatedly observed among farmers, but identification of specific exposures that explain this observation has proven difficult. During the 1980s, the National Cancer Institute conducted three case-control studies of NHL in the midwestern...
  16. Downsizing of staff is associated with lowered medically certified sick leave in female employees.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):E9 (2003) PMID 12937205 PMCID PMC1740624

    To determine whether changes in number of staff in work sites are associated with medically certified sick leave among employees with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The 5720 employees (aged 18-65) were from the WOLF study of cardiovascular risk factors in working men and...
  17. Occupational health guidelines for the management of low back pain: an international comparison.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):618 (2003) PMID 12937181 PMCID PMC1740612

    The enormous socioeconomic burden of low back pain emphasises the need for effective management of this problem, especially in an occupational context. To address this, occupational guidelines have been issued in various countries. To compare available international guidelines dealing with the m...
  18. Increased plasma homocysteine levels in shift working bus drivers.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):662 (2003) PMID 12937187 PMCID PMC1740631

    Previous studies have indicated an association between shift work and cardiovascular disease. There is also considerable epidemiological evidence that hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. To analyse plasma homocysteine levels in shift work bus drivers,...
  19. Risk of soft tissue sarcomas and residence in the neighbourhood of an incinerator of industrial wastes.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):680 (2003) PMID 12937191 PMCID PMC1740633

    To investigate the association between occurrence of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) in Mantua and residence near an incinerator of industrial wastes. Cases were subjects with histologically confirmed primary malignant STS diagnosed 1989-98 in the population resident in Mantua and in the three neighb...
  20. Smoking and occupation from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(9):643 (2003) PMID 12937184 PMCID PMC1740626

    Smoking is among the most important personal and modifiable risk factors for adverse health outcomes. The workplace offers a potentially effective venue for tobacco prevention programmes; identifying occupational groups with high smoking prevalence may assist in targeting such programmes. To exa...