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Evaluation of antidiabetic properties of cactus pear seed oil in rats.
Abstract Context: Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (Cactaceae)) is a medicinal plant widely used to treat diabetes. This work investigates the hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic effect of cactus pear seed oil (CPSO), its mechanism of action, and any toxic effects. The hypoglycemic effect...
Screening compounds of Chinese medicinal herbs anti-Marek's disease virus.
Marek's disease (MD) seriously threatens the world poultry industry and has resulted in great economic losses. Chinese medicinal herbs are a rich source for lead compounds and drug candidates for antiviral treatments. To investigate the anti-MDV activity and mechanism of 20 compounds extracted from...
Chemical composition of the essential oil and botanical study of the flowers of Mentha suaveolens.
Herbal medicines play a paramount role in the treatment of wide range of diseases, so there is a growing need for their quality control and standardization. Traditionally, histological and morphological inspections have been the usual methods to authenticate herbs intended for medicinal applications...
Cytotoxic, antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of nine species of woundwort (Stachys) plants.
Woundwort (Stachys) plants from the Lamiaceae family have been used in folk medicine for various purposes. This study was designed to analyze cytotoxic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Stachys plants, because these fields have extensively benefited of drug discovery from natural sources....
Mangiferin and its aglycone, norathyriol, improve glucose metabolism by activation of AMP-activated protein kinase.
Our findings suggest that norathyriol and mangiferin could improve the glucose utilization and insulin sensitivity by up-regulation of the phosphorylation of AMPK. Norathyriol may be considered as an active metabolite responsible for the antidiabetic activity of mangiferin....
Evaluation of antihyperlipidemic and antitumor activities of isolated coumarins from Salvadora indica.
Salvadora indica Wight (Salvadoraceae) contains a number of medically beneficial properties including abrasives, astringents and antiseptics. Traditionally, it was used by ancient Arabs to whiten and polish teeth. This study explores the antihyperlipidemic and antitumor effects of an ethanol extract...
Antinociceptive activity of Ligusticum porteri preparations and compounds.
The roots and rhizomes of Ligusticum porteri Coulter & Rose (Apiaceae) are widely used in Mexican folk medicine for several purposes, including painful complaints. The main goal of this work was to demonstrate the analgesic action in mice of some preparations and major compounds from L. porteri. The...
Evaluation of Coptidis Rhizoma-Euodiae Fructus couple and Zuojin products based on HPLC fingerprint chromatogram and simultaneous determinat...
Coptidis Rhizoma-Euodiae Fructus couple (CEC) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine preparation consisting of Coptidis Rhizoma and Euodiae Fructus at the ratio of 6:1, and used to treat gastro-intestinal disorders. Alkaloids are the main bioactive component. This research provides comprehensive...
Botanicals in Ribes nigrum bud-preparations: an analytical fingerprinting to evaluate the bioactive contribution to total phytocomplex.
CONTEXT. Ribes nigrum L. (Grossulariaceae) is among the most commonly used herbal medicines and it is popularized for its alleged tonic effect and curative and restorative properties. The current practice of identifying herbal extracts is by measuring the concentration of the main botanicals. Their...