Journal of Environmental Monitoring

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  1. Estimating overall persistence and long-range transport potential of persistent organic pollutants: a comparison of seven multimedia mass balance models and atmospheric transport models.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1139 (2008) PMID 18843390

    Two different approaches to modeling the environmental fate of organic chemicals have been developed in recent years. The first approach is applied in multimedia box models, calculating average concentrations in homogeneous boxes which represent the different environmental media, based on interm...
  2. A chemical engineering viewpoint on the environment.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1125 (2008) PMID 18843387

  3. Mass and ionic composition of atmospheric fine particles over Belgium and their relation with gaseous air pollutants.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1148 (2008) PMID 19244638

    Mass, major ionic components (MICs) of PM2.5, and related gaseous pollutants (SO2, NO(x), NH3, HNO2, and HNO3) were monitored over six locations of different anthropogenic influence (industrial, urban, suburban, and rural) in Belgium. SO4(2-), NO3-, NH4+, and Na+ were the primary ions of PM2.5 w...
  4. Use of headspace SPME-GC-MS for the analysis of the volatiles produced by indoor molds grown on different substrates.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1127 (2008) PMID 18843388

    An automated headspace solid phase microextraction method followed by GC-MS analysis was used to evaluate and compare the in vitro production of microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) on malt extract agar, plasterboard and wallpaper. Five fungal strains were isolated from the walls of wate...
  5. The plutonium isotopic composition of marine biota on Enewetak Atoll: a preliminary assessment.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1134 (2008) PMID 18843389

    We have determined the level and distribution of gamma-emitting radionuclides, plutonium activity concentrations, and 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios in tissue samples of giant clam (Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus), a top snail (Trochus nilaticas) and sea cucumber (Holothuria atra) collected from ...
  6. Determination of toxic and essential elements in children's blood with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1226 (2008) PMID 19244647

    Recent studies have suggested that low blood lead level, less than 50 microg L(-1), can influence the neurobehavioral performance of children. In addition, nutritional deficiencies in some essential elements may increase the toxicity of lead, and some essential elements may influence the blood c...
  7. Monitoring of lead load and its effect on neonatal behavioral neurological assessment scores in Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling town in China.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1233 (2008) PMID 19244648

    Guiyu is the major electronic waste (e-waste) recycling town in China. The primary purpose of this study was to measure the lead levels in neonates and examine the correlation between lead levels and neurobehavioral development. One hundred full-term neonates from Guiyu and fifty-two neonates fr...
  8. Determination of chromium in airborne particulate matter by inductively coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometry.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1217 (2008) PMID 19244646

    A modified three-stage microwave-assisted digestion protocol for chromium analysis in airborne total suspended particulate matter (TSP) with recovery > 90%, which utilizes inductively coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometry (ICP-DRC-MS), has been developed and validated. Similar r...
  9. Characterization of a long range transport pollution episode affecting PM in SW Spain.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1158 (2008) PMID 19244639

    A multidisciplinary study on aerosol characterization was performed at the regional background monitoring station of El Arenosillo, in SW Spain, between 28 June and 5 July 2006. The main aim of the Arenosillo aerosol measurement campaign 2006 was to compare the results of aerosol characterizatio...
  10. Optimised recovery of lignin-derived phenols in a Scottish fjord by the CuO oxidation method.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1187 (2008) PMID 19244642

    Lignin is found only in vascular plant tissues, hence monitoring of lignin in aquatic environments is important in the determination of the sources and fate of terrestrial organic matter (OM). Concentrations of lignin-derived phenols provide an estimate of the amount of terrestrial OM in a syste...
  11. Exposure assessment by physiologic sampling pump--prediction of minute ventilation using a portable respiratory inductive plethysmograph system.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1179 (2008) PMID 19244641

    A study was conducted to evaluate a portable respiratory inductive plethysmograph (RIP) as a means to estimate minute ventilation (V(E)) for use in controlling the flow rate of a physiologic sampling pump (PSP). Specific aims were to: (1) evaluate the ability of the portable RIP system to measur...
  12. Contribution of unburned lubricating oil and gasoline-derived n-alkanes to particulate emission from non-catalyst and catalyst-equipped two-stroke mopeds operated with synthetic lubricating oil.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1202 (2008) PMID 19244644

    This study investigated the contribution of unburned lubricating oil and gasoline-derived n-alkanes to particulate emission from non-catalyst and catalyst-equipped two-stroke (2-S) mopeds operated with ester-based, fully synthetic lubricating oil. Exhaust particulate matter (PM) from ten 2-S, 50...
  13. Laboratory and field evaluation of a diffusive sampler for measuring halogenated anesthetic compounds.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1172 (2008) PMID 19244640

    Anesthetic gases such as desflurane, sevoflurane, isoflurane, enflurane, and halothane are used on a daily basis in operating theaters. Active sampling has historically been used to control the level of exposure to personnel. SKC 575-002 is a diffusive passive sampler filled with Anasorb 747. We...
  14. Performance of a newly designed continuous soot monitoring system (COSMOS).

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1195 (2008) PMID 19244643

    We designed a continuous soot monitoring system (COSMOS) for fully automated, high-sensitivity, continuous measurement of light absorption by black carbon (BC) aerosols. The instrument monitors changes in transmittance across an automatically advancing quartz fiber filter tape using an LED at a ...
  15. Determination of Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and V in diesel and biodiesel samples by ETV-ICP-MST.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(10):1211 (2008) PMID 19244645

    This work presents the determination of Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and V in diesel and biodiesel samples by ETV-ICP MS using emulsion sample preparation. The emulsion composition was: 1.0 g of the diesel or biodiesel sample, 2.0 mL of a 5% m/v Triton X-100 solution, 0.5 mL of HNO3 and deionized water to...
  16. Organotins in a medium-size Mediterranean basin (the Herault River).

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(5):638 (2008) PMID 18449401

    This study reports the first assessment of organotin pollution in the Hérault watershed, a medium size Mediterranean basin. Organotin compounds were analyzed in surface waters, wells supplying drinking water and sewage treatment plants (STPs). In surface and ground waters, a background contamina...
  17. Preparation of a highly sensitive enzyme electrode using gold nanoparticles for measurement of pesticides at the ppt level.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(5):632 (2008) PMID 18449400

    A highly sensitive enzyme electrode was prepared based on gold nanoparticles for measurement of pesticides. Gold nanoparticles of 25-30 nm were synthesized on a glassy carbon electrode by double-pulse technique while the coverage was controlled by applied potential and time. The gold nanoparticl...
  18. Pharmaceutical residues in the river Rhine--results of a one-decade monitoring programme.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(5):664 (2008) PMID 18449404

    In this paper, results of an extensive monitoring programme for pharmaceutical residues in the river Rhine are presented. For one decade (1997 until 2006), the occurrence of widely used human pharmaceuticals like analgesics, lipid regulators, antiepileptics and others has been studied at four lo...
  19. Toxic equivalent concentrations (TEQs) for baseline toxicity and specific modes of action as a tool to improve interpretation of ecotoxicity testing of environmental samples.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(5):612 (2008) PMID 18449398

    The toxic equivalency concept is a widely applied method to express the toxicity of complex mixtures of compounds that act via receptor-mediated mechanisms such as induction of the arylhydrocarbon or estrogen receptors. Here we propose to extend this concept to baseline toxicity, using the biolu...
  20. Monitoring of the ecotoxicological hazard potential by polar organic micropollutants in sewage treatment plants and surface waters using a mode-of-action based test battery.

    Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10(5):622 (2008) PMID 18449399

    We propose and evaluate a mode-of-action based test battery of low-complexity and in-vitro bioassays that can be used as a routine monitoring tool for sewage treatment efficiency and water quality assessment. The test battery comprises five bioassays covering five different modes of toxic action...