Trends in Parasitology
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Schistosomiasis in African infants and preschool children: let them now be treated!
The occurrence of schistosomiasis within African infants and preschool children has been much better documented in recent years, revealing an important burden of disease previously overlooked. Despite mounting evidence showing that treatment with praziquantel is safe, beneficial, and could be delive...
Complement evasion by Borrelia burgdorferi: it takes three to tango.
The complement system is one of the major innate defense mechanisms Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato has to overcome to establish an infection of mammalian hosts and to cause Lyme borreliosis in humans. Borrelia prevents complement-mediated killing during host colonization through (i) recruitment of...
Biology and genetics of human head and body lice.
We review taxonomic studies based on biology and genetics, including genomic data on lice, lice endosymbionts, and louse-transmitted bacteria. We recommend that studies of human lice employ morphological and biological characteristics in conjunction with transcriptomic date because lice seem to diff...
PfCRT and its role in antimalarial drug resistance.
Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine, the former gold standard antimalarial drug, is mediated primarily by mutant forms of the chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT). These mutations impart upon PfCRT the ability to efflux chloroquine from the intracellular digestive vacuole, the site...
Chromatin modifications, epigenetics, and how protozoan parasites regulate their lives.
Chromatin structure plays a vital role in epigenetic regulation of protozoan parasite gene expression. Epigenetic gene regulation impacts upon parasite virulence, differentiation and cell-cycle control. Recent work in many laboratories has elucidated the functions of proteins that regulate parasite...
The impact of globalisation on the distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis.
In the past three decades, Echinococcus multilocularis, the cause of human alveolar echinococcosis, has been reported in several new countries both in definitive hosts (canids) as well as in people. Unless treated, infection with this cestode in people is fatal. In previously endemic...
Host specificity in phylogenetic and geographic space.
We describe here the multifaceted nature of host specificity, summarize the indices available to measure its different facets one at a time or in combination, and discuss their implications for parasite evolution and disease epidemiology. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights re...
Mitochondrial translation in trypanosomatids: a novel target for chemotherapy?
Trypanosomatids cause widespread disease in humans and animals. Treatment of many of these diseases is hampered by the lack of efficient and safe drugs. New strategies for drug development are therefore urgently needed. It has long been known that the single mitochondrion of trypanos...
Has the time come for us to complement our malaria parasites?
An update on the rapid advances in malaria parasite cell biology.
We focus on three aspects of parasite cell biology: (i) plastid metabolism, (ii) sporozoite biology, and (iii) protein transport to and from the host erythrocyte. In each case recent work has led to a deeper understanding of parasite biology, often at the expense of previously accepted paradigms. Th...