Journal of Physical Activity and Health

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  1. Association between ambulatory physical activity and injuries during United States Army Basic Combat Training.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):496 (2011) PMID 21597122

    Associations between physical activity and injuries have been previously examined using self-reports. The present investigation examined this association using objective measures of activity and injury. To quantify ambulatory activity, pedometers were worn daily by recruits in 10 Army Basic Comb...
  2. Assessing cost-effectiveness in obesity: active transport program for primary school children--TravelSMART Schools Curriculum program.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):503 (2011) PMID 21597123

    To assess from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness of a school program to increase active transport in 10- to 11-year-old Australian children as an obesity prevention measure. The TravelSMART Schools Curriculum program was modeled nationally for 2001 in terms of its impact on Body Mass...
  3. The place of physical activity in the time budgets of 10- to 13-year-old Australian children.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):548 (2011) PMID 21597128

    Low physical activity has been associated with increased fatness and deceased fitness. This observational study aimed to describe the magnitude, composition, and time-distribution of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Australian children. A total of 1132 10 to 13 year old schoolchi...
  4. User demographics and physical activity behaviors on a newly constructed urban rail/trail conversion.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):534 (2011) PMID 21597126

    To examine demographic characteristics and physical activity (PA) behaviors of trail users on a newly constructed 2-mile urban rail/trail (ie, abandoned rail line converted to a recreational trail). A systematic evaluation process was initiated to monitor PA behaviors using the System for Observ...
  5. Active commuting to school and association with physical activity and adiposity among US youth.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):488 (2011) PMID 21597121 PMCID PMC3115568

    Walking or bicycling to school (ie, active commuting) has shown promise for improving physical activity and preventing obesity in youth. Our objectives were to examine, among US youth, whether active commuting was inversely associated with adiposity and positively associated with moderate-to-vig...
  6. Actical accelerometer sedentary activity thresholds for adults.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):587 (2011) PMID 21597132

    Actical accelerometer thresholds have been derived to enable objective measurement of time spent performing sedentary activity in children and adolescents, but not adults. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine Actical accelerometer sedentary activity thresholds for adults. Data were a...
  7. Physical activity level and ischemic heart disease prevalence among individuals aged 45 years and older with normal weight, BRFSS, 2007.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):475 (2011) PMID 21597119

    Most ischemic heart disease (IHD) prevention programs that promote physical activity (PA) have focused on overweight/obese populations. Persons with normal body mass index (BMI) may mistakenly think that they are not at risk for IHD and remain physically inactive. Studies exploring the risk of I...
  8. Stability of habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior monitoring by accelerometry in 6- to 8-year-olds.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):543 (2011) PMID 21597127

    Accelerometry is rapidly becoming the instrument of choice for measuring physical activity in children. However, as limited data exist on the minimum number of days accelerometry required to provide a reliable estimate of habitual physical activity, we aimed to quantify the number of days of rec...
  9. Physical activity and C-reactive protein levels: the confounding role of body fat.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):481 (2011) PMID 21597120

    This study investigated the relationship between objectively-measured total physical activity (PA), and intensity of PA and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) in 211 healthy, middle-age women (43.1±3.0 y). In addition, this study examined the extent to which age, BMI, abdominal circumfere...
  10. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between physical activity and blood pressure in adolescence: birth cohort study.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):468 (2011) PMID 21597118 PMCID PMC3672951

    To explore cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between self-reported and accelerometry-based physical activity (PA) and blood pressure (BP) between 11 and 14 years of age. Prospective birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil. Participants were 427 cohort members who were followed up with ...
  11. A tale of two trails: exploring different paths to success.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):523 (2011) PMID 21597125 PMCID PMC4955391

    This comparative case study investigates 2 successful community trail initiatives, using the Active Living By Design (ALBD) Community Action Model as an analytical framework. The model includes 5 strategies: preparation, promotion, programs, policy, and physical projects. Key stakeholders at 2 s...
  12. Assigning metabolic equivalent values to the 2002 census occupational classification system.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):581 (2011) PMID 21597131

    The Current Population Survey (CPS) and the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) use the 2002 census occupation system to classify workers into 509 separate occupations arranged into 22 major occupational categories. We describe the methods and rationale for assigning detailed Metabolic Equivalent (M...
  13. A statistical summary of mall-based stair-climbing interventions.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):558 (2011) PMID 21597129

    Stair climbing is an accessible activity with proven health benefits. This article summarizes the effectiveness of mall-based stair-climbing interventions, while controlling for, and examining, potential moderators of stair/escalator choice. Six comparable studies were identified, which used pos...
  14. Determining activity monitor wear time: an influential decision rule.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):566 (2011) PMID 21597130 PMCID PMC3711095

    Accurately measuring physical activity (PA) with activity monitors requires sufficient monitor wear time which can be difficult to assess. Monitor sensitivity to movement and population characteristics (eg, children vs. adults) may dictate the duration of monitor inactivity indicative of nonwear...
  15. Physical activity and sedentary activity patterns among children and adolescents: a latent class analysis approach.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):457 (2011) PMID 21597117 PMCID PMC3100677

    While much is known about the overall levels of physical activity and sedentary activity among youth, few studies have attempted to define clusters of such behaviors. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe unique classes of youth based on their participation in a variety of physi...
  16. A pilot study of acceptance and commitment therapy for promotion of physical activity.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(4):516 (2011) PMID 21597124

    Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) appears to have some promise as a method of promoting physical activity. This pilot study evaluated the short-term effectiveness of a brief, physical-activity-focused ACT intervention. Young adult, female participants were randomly assigned to an Education...
  17. Factors associated with physical activity in Australians with hip or knee osteoarthritis.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(3):340 (2011) PMID 21487133

    Physical activity (PA) is recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA). However, few people with OA are physically active. Understanding the factors associated with PA is necessary to increase PA in this population. This cross-sectional study examined factors associated with leisure-time PA, str...
  18. Exploring the relationship between physical activity knowledge, health outcomes expectancies, and behavior.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(3):404 (2011) PMID 21487140

    Despite clear health benefits of physical activity, previous research has been limited in linking knowledge of physical activity recommendations to actual behavior. Using Expectancy Theory, we examined whether an individual's health outcome expectancies from physical activity might provide the m...
  19. Correlates of physical activity among Hispanic adults.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(3):429 (2011) PMID 21487143

    Health behaviors of minority populations, including Hispanics, are important from a public health perspective because this subpopulation is growing and health behaviors of this subgroup are understudied. Physical activity is a component of healthy lifestyles and Hispanics have been shown to be l...
  20. New insights into compliance with a mobile phone diary and pedometer use in sedentary women.

    Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8(3):398 (2011) PMID 21487139 PMCID PMC4036092

    The purposes of this study were 1) to determine compliance with a pedometer and mobile phone- based physical activity diary, and 2) to assess concordance between self-reported daily steps recorded and transmitted by a mobile phone and pedometer-measured daily steps in sedentary women. In this 3-...