International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Proceedings

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  1. In vitro study of an intra-aortic VAD: Effect of reverse-rotating mode on ventricular recovery.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:274 (2015) PMID 26736253

    Cardiac recovery has been observed in end-stage heart failure patients with mechanical circulatory support. An intra-aortic ventricular assist device (IntraVAD) is a novel rotary blood pump designed to operate in the ascending aorta behind the aortic valve, working in series with the compromised...
  2. The platelet hammer: In vitro platelet activation under repetitive hypershear.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:262 (2015) PMID 26736250

    Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices, such as ventricular assist devices and the total artificial heart, have emerged as a vital therapy for advanced and end-stage heart failure. However, MCS patients face life-long antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy to minimize thrombotic complicati...
  3. Live ECG readings using Google Glass in emergency situations.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:315 (2015) PMID 26736263

    Most sudden cardiac problems require rapid treatment to preserve life. In this regard, electrocardiograms (ECG) shown on vital parameter monitoring systems help medical staff to detect problems. In some situations, such monitoring systems may display information in a less than convenient way for...
  4. Modulation of platelet membrane function via exogenous lipid moiety exposure alters platelet responsiveness to shear.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:266 (2015) PMID 26736251

    Shear-induced platelet activation may cause life-threatening thrombosis, particularly in patients with mechanical support devices or coronary atherosclerosis. The majority of present anti-platelet agents target or interfere with biochemical, rather than physical mechanisms of platelet activation...
  5. Agonist-to-antagonist dependency during target-directed isometric elbow flexion and extension.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:250 (2015) PMID 26736247

    Muscle coordination during isometric elbow contraction was investigated in this study in order to understand the agonist-to-antagonist dependency. 15 healthy subjects were recruited and instructed to perform target-directed isometric elbow flexion and extension. Electromyography (EMG) signals fr...
  6. Structured prediction for differentiating between normal rhythms, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation in the ECG.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:310 (2015) PMID 26736262

    Recent studies have been performed on feature selection for diagnostics between non-ventricular rhythms and ventricular arrhythmias, or between non-ventricular fibrillation and ventricular fibrillation. However they did not assess classification directly between non-ventricular rhythms, ventricu...
  7. Theoretical analysis of phantom rotations in BSD-DTI.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:410 (2015) PMID 26736286

    A novel method of improving accuracy of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), called BSD-DTI (B-spatial distribution in DTI), has been recently proposed. Determination of the b matrix components using an anisotropic phantom, and derivation of the spatial distribution are of the essence in this approac...
  8. Novel culturing platform for brain slices and neuronal cells.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:346 (2015) PMID 26736270

    In this paper we demonstrate a novel culturing system for brain slices and neuronal cells, which can control the concentration of nutrients and the waste removal from the culture by adjusting the fluid flow within the device. The entire system can be placed in an incubator. The system has been t...
  9. Cardiac fibrillation risks with TASER conducted electrical weapons.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:323 (2015) PMID 26736265

    The TASER(®) conducted electrical weapon (CEW) delivers electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects. We analyzed the cardiac fibrillation risk with TASER CEWs. Our risk model accounted for realistic body mass index distributions, used a new model of effects of partial or oblique...
  10. Transfer representation learning for medical image analysis.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:711 (2015) PMID 26736361

    There are two major challenges to overcome when developing a classifier to perform automatic disease diagnosis. First, the amount of labeled medical data is typically very limited, and a classifier cannot be effectively trained to attain high disease-detection accuracy. Second, medical domain kn...
  11. Hyperspectral image acquisition and analysis of cultured bacteria for the discrimination of urinary tract infections.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:759 (2015) PMID 26736373

    Because of their widespread diffusion and impact on human health, early identification of pathogens responsible for urinary tract infections (UTI) is one of the main challenges of clinical microbiology. Currently, bacteria culturing on Chromogenic plates is widely adopted for UTI detection for i...
  12. Segmentation of ultrasound images of fetal anatomic structures using random forest for low-cost settings.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:793 (2015) PMID 26736381

    In ultrasound imaging, manual extraction of contours of fetal anatomic structures from echographic images have been found to be very challenging due to speckles and low contrast characteristic features. Contours extracted are therefore associated with variability of human observers. In this case...
  13. A 3D sparse motion field filtering for quantitative analysis of fascial layers mobility based on 3D ultrasound scans.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:775 (2015) PMID 26736377

    In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest in the role of deep fascia mobility in musculoskeletal dynamics and chronic pain mechanisms. In a previous paper we presented an innovative semiautomatic approach to evaluate the 3D motion of the fascia using ultrasound (US) imaging, g...
  14. Estimating flow rate and total volume of simulated urine flow noninvasively from a monocular camera.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:751 (2015) PMID 26736371

    Urodynamics measurement tools in practical use carry the risk of nosocomial infection and invasiveness. Our study proposes a new method for urinary flow estimation. We propose multiple cylindrical model to estimate the amount of liquid volume from images taken by a monocular camera. This model i...
  15. Multiscale edge detection and parametric shape modeling for boundary delineation in optoacoustic images.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:707 (2015) PMID 26736360

    In this article, we present a novel scheme for segmenting the image boundary (with the background) in optoacoustic small animal in vivo imaging systems. The method utilizes a multiscale edge detection algorithm to generate a binary edge map. A scale dependent morphological operation is employed ...
  16. Preprocessing with image denoising and histogram equalization for endoscopy image analysis using texture analysis.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:789 (2015) PMID 26736380

    A preprocessing method for endoscopy image analysis using texture analysis is proposed. In a previous study, we proposed a feature value that combines a co-occurrence matrix and a run-length matrix to analyze the extent of early gastric cancer from images taken with narrow-band imaging endoscopy...
  17. Automatic segmentation of the rima glottidis in 4D laryngeal CT scans in Parkinson's disease.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:739 (2015) PMID 26736368

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, incurable neuro-degenerative disease. Symptoms appear when approximately 70% of mid-brain dopaminergic neurons have died. Temporal analysis of the calculated area of the rima glottidis may give an indication of vocal impairment. In this paper, we presen...
  18. Detection of blur artifacts in histopathological whole-slide images of endomyocardial biopsies.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:727 (2015) PMID 26736365

    Histopathological whole-slide images (WSIs) have emerged as an objective and quantitative means for image-based disease diagnosis. However, WSIs may contain acquisition artifacts that affect downstream image feature extraction and quantitative disease diagnosis. We develop a method for detecting...
  19. A generalizable adaptive brain-machine interface design for control of anesthesia.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:1099 (2015) PMID 26736457

    Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) for closed-loop control of anesthesia have the potential to automatically monitor and control brain states under anesthesia. Since a variety of anesthetic states are needed in different clinical scenarios, designing a generalizable BMI architecture that can contro...
  20. Combining firing rate and spike-train synchrony features in the decoding of motor cortical activity.

    International Conference of the IEEE Engineerin... 2015:1091 (2015) PMID 26736455

    Decoding of directional information in the motor cortex traditionally utilizes only firing rate information. However, information from other features could be extracted and combined with firing rate in order to increase classification accuracy. This study proposes the combination of firing rate ...