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- Annual Reviews, Annual_reviews, Proquest, Gale, and CSA
A deep-time perspective of land-ocean linkages in the sedimentary record.
We discuss an integrated approach to the analysis of deep-time sediment archives (>10(6) years) that considers the entire system, from eroding catchments where sediment is produced to subsiding basins where sediment accumulates. This holistic approach is presented within the framework of fundamental...
Remote sensing of the nearshore.
We discuss the range of different sensors that are available and the differing physical manifestations of their interactions with the ocean surface. We then present existing algorithms by which the most important geophysical variables can be estimated from remote sensing measurements. Future directi...
Microbial nitrogen cycling processes in oxygen minimum zones.
Advances in quantifying air-sea gas exchange and environmental forcing.
We show how the use of global variables of environmental forcing that have recently become available and gas exchange relationships that incorporate the main forcing factors will lead to improved estimates of global and regional air-sea gas fluxes based on better fundamental physical, chemical, and...
Evaluation of in situ phytoplankton growth rates: a synthesis of data from varied approaches.
The use of clean sampling and incubation methods and the development of biomass-independent techniques for estimating the rates of growth and grazing mortality of phytoplankton in the ocean have resulted in estimates of phytoplankton growth rates that are approximately twice those reported prior to...
Causes for contemporary regional sea level changes.
Regional sea level changes can deviate substantially from those of the global mean, can vary on a broad range of timescales, and in some regions can even lead to a reversal of long-term global mean sea level trends. The underlying causes are associated with dynamic variations in the ocean circulatio...
Hypoxia, nitrogen, and fisheries: integrating effects across local and global landscapes.
We present an analysis of hypoxia, nitrogen loadings, and fisheries landings in 30 estuaries and semien-closed seas worldwide. Our results suggest that hypoxia does not typically reduce systemwide fisheries landings below what would be predicted from nitrogen loadings, except where raw sewage is rel...
The effect of submarine groundwater discharge on the ocean.
The oceanic vertical pump induced by mesoscale and submesoscale turbulence.
We review here by focusing on the significant advances that have been achieved and the remaining issues and uncertainties. The main question that emerges concerns the importance of the submesoscales (10 km in the horizontal) in these vertical exchanges. Independently, in the past decade, fluid dynam...
Using triple isotopes of dissolved oxygen to evaluate global marine productivity.
We have also learned more about the potential biases and uncertainties of this approach, some of which have been addressed by recent method improvements. We recap the major advances the (17)Δ method has brought to improved understanding of biological carbon cycling, from incubation bottles to ocean...