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Marine Science

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  1. Diet of worms emended: an update of polychaete feeding guilds.

    Marine Science 7:497 (2015) PMID 25251269

    Polychaetes are common in most marine habitats and dominate many infaunal communities. Functional guild classification based on taxonomic identity and morphology has linked community structure to ecological function. The functional guilds now include osmotrophic siboglinids as well as sipunculan...
  2. Denitrification, anammox, and n2 production in marine sediments.

    Marine Science 7:403 (2015) PMID 25560607

    Fixed nitrogen limits primary productivity in many parts of the global ocean, and it consequently plays a role in controlling the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere. The concentration of fixed nitrogen is determined by the balance between two processes: the fixation of nitrogen gas into or...
  3. Construction and maintenance of the ganges-brahmaputra-meghna delta: linking process, morphology, and stratigraphy.

    Marine Science 7:67 (2015) PMID 25251271

    We present a review of the processes, morphology, and stratigraphy of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta (GBMD), including insights gained from detailed elevation data. The review shows that the GBMD is best characterized as a composite system, with different regions having morphologic and stra...
  4. The role of the gulf stream in European climate.

    Marine Science 7:113 (2015) PMID 25560606

    The Gulf Stream carries the warm, poleward return flow of the wind-driven North Atlantic subtropical gyre and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. This northward flow drives a significant meridional heat transport. Various lines of evidence suggest that Gulf Stream heat transport pro...
  5. The Dynamics of Greenland's Glacial Fjords and Their Role in Climate.

    Marine Science 7:89 (2015) PMID 25149564

    Rapid mass loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet has sparked interest in its glacial fjords for two main reasons: Increased submarine melting of glaciers terminating in fjords is a plausible trigger for glacier retreat, and the anomalous freshwater discharged from Greenland is transformed by fjord p...
  6. Whale-fall ecosystems: recent insights into ecology, paleoecology, and evolution.

    Marine Science 7:571 (2015) PMID 25251277

    Whale falls produce remarkable organic- and sulfide-rich habitat islands at the seafloor. The past decade has seen a dramatic increase in studies of modern and fossil whale remains, yielding exciting new insights into whale-fall ecosystems. Giant body sizes and especially high bone-lipid content...
  7. Cell size as a key determinant of phytoplankton metabolism and community structure.

    Marine Science 7:241 (2015) PMID 25062405

    Phytoplankton size structure controls the trophic organization of planktonic communities and their ability to export biogenic materials toward the ocean's interior. Our understanding of the mechanisms that drive the variability in phytoplankton size structure has been shaped by the assumption th...
  8. Rethinking sediment biogeochemistry after the discovery of electric currents.

    Marine Science 7:425 (2015) PMID 25251266

    The discovery of electric currents in marine sediments arose from a simple observation that conventional biogeochemistry could not explain: Sulfide oxidation in one place is closely coupled to oxygen reduction in another place, centimeters away. After experiments demonstrated that this resulted ...
  9. Microbial responses to the deepwater horizon oil spill: from coastal wetlands to the deep sea.

    Marine Science 7:377 (2015) PMID 25251273

    The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the northern Gulf of Mexico represents the largest marine accidental oil spill in history. It is distinguished from past spills in that it occurred at the greatest depth (1,500 m), the amount of hydrocarbon gas (mostly methane) lost was equivalent to the mass o...
  10. Phytoplankton strategies for photosynthetic energy allocation.

    Marine Science 7:265 (2015) PMID 25149563

    Phytoplankton physiology is dynamic and highly responsive to the environment. Phytoplankton acclimate to changing environmental conditions by a complex reallocation of carbon and energy through metabolic pathways to optimize growth. Considering the tremendous diversity of phytoplankton, it is no...