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International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

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  1. A woman cannot die from a pregnancy she does not have.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 37(3):155 (2011) PMID 21988792

    More than 99% of maternal deaths occur in low-resource settings; in parts of the developing world, as many as one in six women die of maternal causes. Currently, seven developing countries-Afghanistan, Angola, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Tanzania-have maternal mortality ratios of at least...
  2. Health care providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward and provision of emergency contraceptives in Lagos, Nigeria.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 32(2):89 (2006) PMID 16837389

    Emergency contraception can play an important role in reducing the rate of unintended pregnancies in Nigeria. Although it is included in the national family planning guidelines, there is limited awareness of this method among clients. In 2003-2004, a sample of 256 health care providers within Lagos...
  3. Women's position within the household as a determinant of maternal health care use in Nepal.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 32(1):17 (2006) PMID 16723298

    Although gender inequality is often cited as a barrier to improving maternal health in Nepal, little attention has been directed at understanding how sociocultural factors may influence the use of health care. In particular, how a woman's position within her household may affect the receipt of healt...
  4. Wealth and extramarital sex among men in Zambia.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 31(2):83 (2005) PMID 15982949

    In Zambia, most people know about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS, but this knowledge has not translated into safer sexual practices. An estimated 16% of adults are HIV-positive, with the majority having acquired the infection through heterosexual contact. It is important to know...
  5. The impact of menstrual side effects on contraceptive discontinuation: findings from a longitudinal study in Cairo, Egypt.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 31(1):15 (2005) PMID 15888405

    Although many research studies have documented the relationship between menstrual side effects of contraceptives and discontinuation of use, few have sought to identify factors that predispose women to discontinue because of changes in bleeding patterns. Such information is important to enable famil...
  6. Women who know a person with AIDS do not have elevated condom use rates.
    Author(s) unavailable

    International Family Planning Perspectives 29(4):193 (2003) PMID 14733225

  7. Relationships between contraception and abortion: a review of the evidence.

    International Family Planning Perspectives 29(1):6 (2003) PMID 12709307

    The relationship between levels of contraceptive use and the incidence of induced abortion continues to provoke heated discussion, with some observers arguing that use of abortion decreases as contraceptive prevalence rises and others claiming that increased use of family planning methods causes abo...
  8. Evaluation of a communication campaign to improve continuation among first-time injectable contraceptive users in Nyando District, Kenya.

    International Perspectives on Sexual and Reprod... 40(2):56 (2014) PMID 25051577

    Communication campaigns might be a viable means of improving contraceptive continuation; however, few such interventions aimed at reducing contraceptive discontinuation have been evaluated. Data were collected from independent samples of new injectable users in Nyando District, Kenya-site of a commu...
  9. Inadequate use of prenatal services among Brazilian women: the role of maternal characteristics.

    International Perspectives on Sexual and Reprod... 35(1):15 (2009) PMID 19465344

    To improve the uptake of prenatal care, it is important to know how the use of prenatal care varies by maternal attitudes and social and demographic factors. Information about social and demographic variables, prenatal care, parity, pregnancy planning, abortion attempts, satisfaction with pregnancy...
  10. Women's sexual and reproductive health in post-socialist Georgia: does internal displacement matter?

    International Family Planning Perspectives 34(1):21 (2008) PMID 18440914

    Persons displaced by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other events are at increased risk for health problems. The Republic of Georgia has a substantial population of internally displaced women who may face elevated risks of STIs and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The 1999 Georgia Reproducti...