International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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Women's empowerment and choice of contraceptive methods in selected African countries.
It is generally believed that women's lack of decision-making power may restrict their use of modern contraceptives. However, few studies have examined the different dimensions of women's empowerment and contraceptive use in African countries. Data came from the latest round of Demographic and Healt...
Trends in national family planning programs, 1999, 2004 and 2009.
National family planning programs in the developing world vary greatly in strength and coverage, and in the nature of their outreach. Periodic measures of their types and levels of effort have been conducted since 1972. In 2009, expert observers in 81 developing countries completed a questionnaire t...
Inadequate use of prenatal services among Brazilian women: the role of maternal characteristics.
To improve the uptake of prenatal care, it is important to know how the use of prenatal care varies by maternal attitudes and social and demographic factors. Information about social and demographic variables, prenatal care, parity, pregnancy planning, abortion attempts, satisfaction with pregnancy...
Women's sexual and reproductive health in post-socialist Georgia: does internal displacement matter?
Persons displaced by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other events are at increased risk for health problems. The Republic of Georgia has a substantial population of internally displaced women who may face elevated risks of STIs and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The 1999 Georgia Reproducti...
Maternal health and care-seeking behavior in Bangladesh: findings from a national survey.
Although the reduction of maternal mortality levels is a key Millennium Development Goal, community-based evidence on obstetric complications and maternal care-seeking behavior remains limited in low-resource countries. This study presents an overview of key findings from the 2001 Bangladesh Materna...
Gender and relationship differences in condom use among 15-24-year-olds in Angola.
The sexual behavior of young people in Angola will play a major role in the future spread of HIV, yet few young people use condoms consistently, and reported rates of condom use are low. It is important to identify determinants of condom use among Angolan adolescents and young adults. Data for analy...
Family planning and women's lives in rural China.
By 1979, China had begun implementing the so-called one-child policy, which severely restricts couples' childbearing. It is important to understand Chinese women's perceptions of how their lives have been affected by this policy and by the use of family planning. Survey and focus group data collecte...
Sterilization regret among married women in India: implications for the Indian national family planning program.
In India, female sterilization accounts for 66% of contraceptive use, and age at sterilization is declining. It is likely that some women regret having been sterilized, but data on the prevalence of, and the social and economic correlates of, regret at the national level are insufficient. Data for a...
Associations between family factors and premarital heterosexual relationships among female college students in Tehran.
Although premarital heterosexual relationships, especially those involving sexual contact, are discouraged in Iran, particularly for females, a considerable minority of young people are involved in such relationships. However, the determinants of such relationships have not been identified, especiall...
Early coital debut and associated HIV risk factors among young women and men in South Africa.
Young people in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Because first sexual experiences may influence a young person's HIV risk, a better understanding of coital debut is needed. Data from a nationally representative survey that included 7,692 sexually active South African youth aged 15-24...