International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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Evaluation of a communication campaign to improve continuation among first-time injectable contraceptive users in Nyando District, Kenya.
Communication campaigns might be a viable means of improving contraceptive continuation; however, few such interventions aimed at reducing contraceptive discontinuation have been evaluated. Data were collected from independent samples of new injectable users in Nyando District, Kenya-site of a commu...
Inadequate use of prenatal services among Brazilian women: the role of maternal characteristics.
To improve the uptake of prenatal care, it is important to know how the use of prenatal care varies by maternal attitudes and social and demographic factors. Information about social and demographic variables, prenatal care, parity, pregnancy planning, abortion attempts, satisfaction with pregnancy...
Women's sexual and reproductive health in post-socialist Georgia: does internal displacement matter?
Persons displaced by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other events are at increased risk for health problems. The Republic of Georgia has a substantial population of internally displaced women who may face elevated risks of STIs and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The 1999 Georgia Reproducti...
Maternal health and care-seeking behavior in Bangladesh: findings from a national survey.
Although the reduction of maternal mortality levels is a key Millennium Development Goal, community-based evidence on obstetric complications and maternal care-seeking behavior remains limited in low-resource countries. This study presents an overview of key findings from the 2001 Bangladesh Materna...
Gender and relationship differences in condom use among 15-24-year-olds in Angola.
The sexual behavior of young people in Angola will play a major role in the future spread of HIV, yet few young people use condoms consistently, and reported rates of condom use are low. It is important to identify determinants of condom use among Angolan adolescents and young adults. Data for analy...
Family planning and women's lives in rural China.
By 1979, China had begun implementing the so-called one-child policy, which severely restricts couples' childbearing. It is important to understand Chinese women's perceptions of how their lives have been affected by this policy and by the use of family planning. Survey and focus group data collecte...
A woman cannot die from a pregnancy she does not have.
More than 99% of maternal deaths occur in low-resource settings; in parts of the developing world, as many as one in six women die of maternal causes. Currently, seven developing countries-Afghanistan, Angola, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Tanzania-have maternal mortality ratios of at least...
Health care providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward and provision of emergency contraceptives in Lagos, Nigeria.
Emergency contraception can play an important role in reducing the rate of unintended pregnancies in Nigeria. Although it is included in the national family planning guidelines, there is limited awareness of this method among clients. In 2003-2004, a sample of 256 health care providers within Lagos...
Women's position within the household as a determinant of maternal health care use in Nepal.
Although gender inequality is often cited as a barrier to improving maternal health in Nepal, little attention has been directed at understanding how sociocultural factors may influence the use of health care. In particular, how a woman's position within her household may affect the receipt of healt...
Wealth and extramarital sex among men in Zambia.
In Zambia, most people know about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS, but this knowledge has not translated into safer sexual practices. An estimated 16% of adults are HIV-positive, with the majority having acquired the infection through heterosexual contact. It is important to know...