International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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Condom use before marriage and its correlates: evidence from India.
Little evidence is available from India concerning young people's use of condoms in premarital relationships. Data from a subnationally representative study of Indian youth conducted in 2006-2008 were used to assess condom use in premarital relationships. Analyses used survey data from 2,408 married...
STI treatment-seeking behaviors among youth in Nigeria: are there gender differences?
There is little research on STIs among young people in Nigeria. It is important to determine gender differences in health-seeking behaviors among youth with self-reported STI symptoms. Data from 538 males and females aged 15-24 with at least one STI symptom were drawn from the 2003 and 2005 National...
Developments in laws on induced abortion: 1998-2007.
Women's lack of access to legal abortion is a major contributing factor to high rates of worldwide maternal mortality and morbidity. This article describes changes in the legal status of abortion in countries around the world since 1998. The complete texts of new abortion legislation, most often obt...
Community and health facility influences on contraceptive method choice in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Although a growing number of studies have examined how community factors influence contraceptive use, few have explored how such factors affect method choice. Data from the 1998 South Africa Demographic and Health Survey and the 1998 Eastern Cape Facility Survey were used to examine community and he...
Before first sex: gender differences in emotional relationships and physical behaviors among adolescents in the Philippines.
Early age at first sex has been identified as a risk factor for unplanned pregnancy and HIV infection. However, the emotional relationships and physical behaviors that precede first intercourse, and how they differ by sex, also may provide important cues about how to prevent sexual risk behavior. Th...
The incidence of induced abortion in the Philippines: current level and recent trends.
In the Philippines, abortion is legally restricted. Nevertheless, many women obtain abortions--often in unsafe conditions--to avoid unplanned births. In 1994, the estimated abortion rate was 25 per 1,000 women per year; no further research on abortion incidence has been conducted in the Philippines....
Injectable use may increase women's odds of getting chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Unintended pregnancy among newly married couples in Shanghai.
Though contraceptive failure and induced abortion in China have both attracted research attention, the somewhat broader topic of unintended pregnancy has been neglected. A total of 7,872 newly married couples, enrolled between 1987 and 1988, were followed up until 1994-1995; only 2% were lost to fol...
The link between quality of care and contraceptive use.
Little empirical evidence shows whether quality of family planning care influences continued use of contraception, and if so, to what extent. Interviews were conducted in 1997-1998 with 1,728 new family planning users who had sought services at 80 service delivery points in Davao del Norte and Compo...
Legal abortion levels and trends by woman's age at termination.
Assessments of abortion levels and trends by women's age at termination can be used to monitor trends in unintended pregnancy by age and can inform relevant programs and policies. Legal abortion incidence data were compiled from national statistical offices and nationally representative surveys of m...