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Gray matter structure and morphosyntax within a spoken narrative in typically developing children and children with high functioning autism.
This study examined the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based measures of gray matter structure and morphosyntax production in a spoken narrative in 17 typical children (TD) and 11 children with high functioning autism (HFA) between 6 and 13 years of age. In the TD group, corti...
Does development affect the error-related negativity of impaired and skilled readers? An ERP study.
Previous findings of reduced error-related and correct-related negativities (ERN/CRN) and semantic N400 responses associated with reading errors among impaired adult readers led to the current study on age effects on these components. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded fro...
Can intervention programs influence how the dyslexic brain processes low-level visual stimuli?
This preliminary study employed event-related potentials (ERPs) to determine the effect of different intervention programs for dyslexia. Two intervention programs were used; the CogniFit Personal Coach (CPC) and the Reading Acceleration Program (RAP). Differences between a small grou...
Parallels in stimulus-driven oscillatory brain responses to numerosity changes in adults and seven-month-old infants.
We employed a rapid steady-state visual-presentation paradigm combined with electroencephalography to measure stimulus-driven neural oscillatory responses to numerosities in infants and adults. Steady-state repetition of the same numerosity across a 2.4-sec time block yielded an increase in the stim...
Engagement of temporal lobe regions predicts response to educational interventions in adolescent struggling readers.
Brain activation profiles obtained using magnetoencephalography were compared between middle-school students experiencing reading difficulties and non-reading-impaired students during performance of a continuous printed word recognition task. Struggling readers underwent small-group remedial instruc...
Clues to the foundations of numerical cognitive impairments: evidence from genetic disorders.
Several neurodevelopmental disorders of known genetic etiology generate phenotypes that share the characteristic of numerical and mathematical cognitive impairments. This article reviews some of the main findings that suggest a possible key role that spatial and temporal information processing impai...
Perception of non-verbal auditory stimuli in Italian dyslexic children.
Auditory temporal processing deficits have been proposed as the underlying cause of phonological difficulties in Developmental Dyslexia. The hypothesis was tested in a sample of 20 Italian dyslexic children aged 8-14, and 20 matched control children. Three tasks of auditory processing of non-verbal...
Developmental change in the neurophysiological correlates of self-regulation in high- and low-emotion conditions.
We were interested in plotting a fine-grained developmental profile of the neural underpinnings of self-regulation, in the context of negative emotion, for 7- to 14-year-old children. We predicted that children would recruit less cortical activation with age in the service of self-regulation, reflec...
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea in obese and normal-weight children: impact of adenotonsillectomy on quality-of-life and behavior.
Orthographic and phonological pathways in hyperlexic readers with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often present poor text comprehension relative to their ability to read individual words. Some of them have been considered hyperlexic because of their oustanding word-reading abilities. Although it has been suggested that these children access word read...