Developmental Neuropsychology

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  1. A female advantage in the imitation of gestures by preschool children.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(2):137 (2007) PMID 17488213

    Adult research has suggested a sex difference in the neuroanatomical organization and efficiency of the limb praxis system. The present study used a videotape analysis of movement errors to investigate whether a sex difference in limb praxis can be identified in childhood. Preschool girls (n = 3...
  2. Infant holding preferences in maternity hospitals: testing the hypothesis of the lateralized perception of emotions.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(3):881 (2007) PMID 17956187

    Infant holding biases of 202 mothers were studied in four French maternity hospitals. The study collected laterality for holding in mother/child dyads as a means of testing the emotional hypothesis (Manning & Chamberlain, 1991). Maternal holding side preferences and handedness were collected thr...
  3. Aging affects motor skill learning when the task requires inhibitory control.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(1):597 (2007) PMID 17650996

    Few studies have examined the influence of aging on motor skill learning (MSL) tasks involving different skills and conditions. Two tasks, each including two different conditions (repeated and nonrepeated), were used: (a) the Mirror Tracing task, requiring the inhibition of an overlearned respon...
  4. Changes in brain functioning from infancy to early childhood: evidence from EEG power and coherence working memory tasks.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(1):21 (2007) PMID 17305436

    Using measures of EEG power and coherence with a longitudinal sample, the goal of this study was to examine developmental changes in brain electrical activity during higher order cognitive processing at infancy and early childhood. Infants were recruited at 8 months of age and performed an infan...
  5. Paradoxical enhancement of letter recognition in developmental dyslexia.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(1):61 (2007) PMID 17305438

    In a number of studies, children diagnosed with developmental dyslexia reached normal scores in standard visual processing tasks, and some researchers concluded that visual processing deficits are not involved in the syndrome. The tasks used, however, may be insensitive to anomalous visual infor...
  6. The impact of spina bifida on development across the first 3 years.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(1):1 (2007) PMID 17305435

    Early cognitive, motor, and language skills were evaluated in 165 children, 91 with Spina Bifida (SB) and 74 developing typically. Assessments were given at 5 time points (6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age). Three latent growth curve models were conducted to evaluate the development of these e...
  7. Working memory performance in typically developing children and adolescents: behavioral evidence of protracted frontal lobe development.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(1):103 (2007) PMID 17305440

    Post-mortem histological and in vivo neuroimaging findings both reveal frontal lobe development that extends beyond the adolescent years. Few studies have examined whether this protracted neurodevelopment coincides with improvements in adolescent performance on putative frontal lobe tasks. An in...
  8. Working memory and new learning following pediatric traumatic brain injury.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):683 (2007) PMID 17931125

    Working memory (WM), the ability to monitor, process and maintain task relevant information on-line to respond to immediate environmental demands, is controlled by frontal systems (D'Esposito et al., 2006), which are particularly vulnerable to damage from a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This stu...
  9. Multiple factors contribute to neuropsychological outcome in children with posterior fossa tumors.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):729 (2007) PMID 17931127

    Cognitive deficits are frequently reported in children treated for posterior fossa (PF) tumors. A range of tumor, treatment, medical and treatment complications have been implicated in causing a variety of cognitive deficits. The aim of this study is to identify factors that influence intelligen...
  10. Using event-related potentials to study perinatal nutrition and brain development in infants of diabetic mothers.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):379 (2007) PMID 17559331 PMCID PMC2770716

    Proper prenatal and postnatal nutrition is essential for optimal brain development and function. The early use of event-related potentials enables neuroscientists to study the development of cognitive function from birth and to evaluate the role of specific nutrients in development. Perinatal ir...
  11. Principal component analyses and scalp distribution of the auditory P150-250 and N250-550 to speech contrasts in Mexican and American infants.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):363 (2007) PMID 17559330

    We report a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the scalp distribution of the normalized peak amplitude values for speech-related auditory Event-related Potentials (ERP) P150-250 and N250-550 in 7-, 11-, and 20-month-old American infants learning English and in 10-13-month-old Mexican infants...
  12. Does mismatch negativity show differences in reading-disabled children compared to normal children and children with attention deficit?

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):453 (2007) PMID 17559334

    An auditory event-related potential (ERP) component called mismatch negativity (MMN) was examined in three groups of children (n = 63) aged 8-14 years. A control group comprised healthy children in second or sixth grade of comprehensive school (n = 21). The two clinical groups included children ...
  13. The influence of infant diet on early developmental changes in processing human voice speech stimuli: ERP variations in breast and milk formula-fed infants at 3 and 6 months after birth.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):279 (2007) PMID 17559327

    The purpose of this investigation was to determine if processing of language stimuli during the first half year of life in breast-fed infants differs from that of formula-fed infants. This question was addressed by examining the brain event-related potentials of healthy infants receiving breast ...
  14. Effects of breast milk and milk formula diets on synthesized speech sound-induced event-related potentials in 3- and 6-month-old infants.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):349 (2007) PMID 17559329

    Effects of breast milk and milk formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid on speech processing were investigated by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) to synthesized /pa/ and /ba/ (oddball paradigm, 80%:20%) at 3 and 6 months of age. Behavioral assessment was als...
  15. Introduction.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):247 (2007) PMID 17559325

  16. Spatial span in very prematurely born adolescents.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(3):769 (2007) PMID 17956181

    The working memory functions and processing speed of 35 adolescents born preterm (< or = 32 weeks of gestation) and those of 31 control adolescents were assessed at the age of 16 years. All study participants were free from major disabilities. There were no statistically significant differences ...
  17. Optimal digital filtering versus difference waves on the mismatch negativity in an uninterrupted sound paradigm.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):429 (2007) PMID 17559333

    Conventionally, mismatch negativity (MMN) is analyzed through the calculation of the difference waves. This helps to eliminate some exogenous event-related potential (ERP) components. However, this reduces the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). This study aims to test whether or not the optimal digita...
  18. Verbal and visual short-term memory in children with arithmetic disabilities.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(3):847 (2007) PMID 17956185

    With the exception of the explication of the Nonverbal Learning Disability Syndrome, our knowledge of cognitive characteristics of children with isolated arithmetic (A) disabilities contrasted with those with comorbid arithmetic and reading (AR) disabilities is limited. Of the existing studies, ...
  19. Perinatal pH and neuropsychological outcomes at age 3 years in children born preterm: an exploratory study.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):669 (2007) PMID 17931124

    The impact of extreme prematurity and related hypoxic-ischemic events on brain development recently has begun to be characterized with modern neuroimaging methods, although comparatively less is known about the neuropathology in those born at heavier birth weights. Even subclinical levels of per...
  20. Childhood white matter injuries: what are the issues?

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):619 (2007) PMID 17931121