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Developmental Neuropsychology

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  1. The influence of infant diet on early developmental changes in processing human voice speech stimuli: ERP variations in breast and milk formula-fed infants at 3 and 6 months after birth.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):279 (2007) PMID 17559327

    The purpose of this investigation was to determine if processing of language stimuli during the first half year of life in breast-fed infants differs from that of formula-fed infants. This question was addressed by examining the brain event-related potentials of healthy infants receiving breast ...
  2. A female advantage in the imitation of gestures by preschool children.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(2):137 (2007) PMID 17488213

    Adult research has suggested a sex difference in the neuroanatomical organization and efficiency of the limb praxis system. The present study used a videotape analysis of movement errors to investigate whether a sex difference in limb praxis can be identified in childhood. Preschool girls (n = 3...
  3. Effects of breast milk and milk formula diets on synthesized speech sound-induced event-related potentials in 3- and 6-month-old infants.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):349 (2007) PMID 17559329

    Effects of breast milk and milk formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid on speech processing were investigated by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) to synthesized /pa/ and /ba/ (oddball paradigm, 80%:20%) at 3 and 6 months of age. Behavioral assessment was als...
  4. Verbal and visual short-term memory in children with arithmetic disabilities.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(3):847 (2007) PMID 17956185

    With the exception of the explication of the Nonverbal Learning Disability Syndrome, our knowledge of cognitive characteristics of children with isolated arithmetic (A) disabilities contrasted with those with comorbid arithmetic and reading (AR) disabilities is limited. Of the existing studies, ...
  5. Perinatal pH and neuropsychological outcomes at age 3 years in children born preterm: an exploratory study.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):669 (2007) PMID 17931124

    The impact of extreme prematurity and related hypoxic-ischemic events on brain development recently has begun to be characterized with modern neuroimaging methods, although comparatively less is known about the neuropathology in those born at heavier birth weights. Even subclinical levels of per...
  6. Developmental differences in cognitive control of socio-affective processing.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(3):787 (2007) PMID 17956182

    We examined developmental differences in cognitive control in the context of distracting communicative cues varying in socio-affective significance. Adults and children (6-13 years) performed a Stroop-type task that required manual responses to a target word (LEFT/RIGHT) in the context of to-be-...
  7. Working memory and new learning following pediatric traumatic brain injury.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):683 (2007) PMID 17931125

    Working memory (WM), the ability to monitor, process and maintain task relevant information on-line to respond to immediate environmental demands, is controlled by frontal systems (D'Esposito et al., 2006), which are particularly vulnerable to damage from a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This stu...
  8. Awareness and symbol use improves future-oriented decision making in preschoolers.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(1):39 (2007) PMID 17305437

    A child version of the Iowa Gambling task was used to explore the development of decision-making during the preschool period in two experiments. One hundred eighty-one children, 3.5 and 4.5 years of age, were asked to choose between a bad deck with higher immediate but lower long-term rewards an...
  9. Breast-fed infants process speech differently from bottle-fed infants: evidence from neuroelectrophysiology.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 31(3):337 (2007) PMID 17559328

    Numerous studies report positive effects of breast-feeding on infant development. Such effects are apparent early in development as well as in later years. Recently, elements in breast milk, polyunsaturatred fatty acids (PUFAs), have been identified as having great potential for increasing nutri...
  10. Longitudinal neuropsychological assessment in pediatric multiple sclerosis.

    Developmental Neuropsychology 32(2):625 (2007) PMID 17931122

    Although Multiple Sclerosis (MS) occurring in childhood and adolescence has received increasing attention in recent years, the impact of the disease on cognitive function in this subgroup remains poorly understood. It has been posited that children and adolescents with MS may be particularly sus...