Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms 1,232 articles
- Adaptation, Psychological
- Child Rearing
- Defense Mechanisms
- Human Characteristics
Child survival in the Third World: a functional analysis of oral rehydration therapy dissemination campaigns.
Epigenetic codes in cognition and behaviour
We describe recent findings on the role and mechanisms of epigenetic codes in the brain, and discuss their implication in synaptic plasticity, cognitive functions and psychiatric disorders. We provide examples of transgenerational inheritance of epigenetic marks that affect simple morphological trai...
Relative role of catecholamines in head-shaking of infant rats.
The relative contribution of catecholaminergic mechanisms in head-shaking (H-S) of infant rats was explored by comparing the H-S inducing effects of apomorphine and amphetamine in rats from 4-14 days old, and the blocking effect of neuroleptic drugs (chlorpromazine and haloperidol) and more specific...
Apomorphine-induced stereotyped biting in the tortoise in relation to dopaminergic mechanisms.
A biting behavior in the Moroccan pond tortoise (Clemmys caspica leprósa) after apomorphine administration is described. The biting behavior was antagonized by the specific anti-dopaminergic drug haloperidol (10 mg/kg) and trifluperazine (15 mg/kg). The behavior was compared to similar behaviors in...
Natural history and behavioural homology.
Behavioural prevention of ischemic heart disease.
Heart disease continues to be a major cause of disablement and death in Canada. Elevated serum cholesterol concentrations, hypertension and cigarette smoking are among the standard risk factors associated with ischemic heart disease. Research attention has also been directed at the role of behaviour...
The population biology of parasite-induced changes in host behavior.
The ability of parasites to change the behavior of infected hosts has been documented and reviewed by a number of different authors (Holmes and Bethel, 1972; Moore, 1984a). This review attempts to quantify the population dynamic consequences of this behavior by developing simple mathematical models...
Rat rotation monitoring for pharmacology research.
Much current neuropharmacological research describes drug site of action and effect in terms of rotational behavior in rats. Such studies at the National Institutes of Health led to the development of required instrumentation capabilities. The method developed for quantifying rotational behavior to...
Lack of evidence for context-dependent cocaine-induced sensitization in humans: preliminary studies.
We decided to determine if cocaine can produce conditioned behavioral sensitization in humans using a paradigm fairly similar to that used for rodents. Because humans do not react to cocaine with the pronounced motor activation observed in rodents, we measured a variety of end points, including bloo...
Candidate gene studies in the 21st century: meta-analysis, mediation, moderation.