Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections 11 articles
Isolated cerebral hydatid cysts: a comparative study of two different types of presentations.
Clinically the most common findings included papilloedema, headache and vomiting. Two of the cases reported recurrence of symptoms and were reoperated. The first 4 cases presented the classical signs of unilocular well defined cysts while the last two cases had multilocular, often polygonal cysts wi...
Clinics in diagnostic imaging (58). Chronic cerebral paragonimiasis.
A 36-year-old Korean man presented with a history of epilepsy. MR imaging of the brain revealed multiple conglomerated round nodules that were hypointense on both T1-and-T2 weighted images. These were located at the left temporal and occipital lobes and had surrounding encephalomalacia. CT scan conf...
[Neuroradiologic imaging results suggestive of parasitic cysts in central nervous system in course of neoplastic disorders--cases report].
We present two patients with primary diagnosis of parasitic cysts of CNS, in whom neoplastic etiology was finally confirmed. Differential diagnosis of cystic foci should from the beginning include not only parasitic infections, but also neoplastic diseases, which are much more frequent in Poland at...
Parasitic central nervous system infections in immunocompromised hosts: clarification of malaria diagnosis.
Cerebral alveolar echinoccosis mimicking primary brain tumor.
We present a case of cerebral infestation by Echinococcosis multilocularis mimicking an infiltrative primary brain tumor. A heavily calcified mass invading the midbrain enhanced in a cauliflower-like fashion with small peripheral nodules present on MR imaging. Perfusion-weighted MR imaging revealed...
[Clinical analysis of 78 cases of parasitic encephalopathy].
There were 52 male and 26 female patients with a mean age of (34.5+/-11.4) years. Among these patients, 32.1% (25/78) had a history of eating raw, neurocysticercosis accounted for 78.2% (61/78), cerebral sparganosis 15.4% (12/78), cerebral paragonimiasis 3.8% (3/78), and cerebral toxoplasmosis 2.6%...
[Descriptive epidemiology of extrapulmonary hydatid cysts: a report of 265 Tunisian cases].
There were 101 male and 164 female patients (sex ratio M/F = 0.61) ranging in age from 2 to 84 years (mean age = 38.7). In our series, hydatid cysts involved mainly the kidney (24.1%), the central nervous system (22.6%), the liver (19.6%) and the spleen (11.3%). The other less frequent sites include...
[Inflammatory and infectious manifestations of the nervous system].
We will review recent progress in our knowledge about transmissible spongiformes encephalopathies and AIDS-associated lesions, and briefly discuss cerebral vasculitis, granulomatous diseases and the most frequent infections by parasites....
Protozoa traversal of the blood-brain barrier to invade the central nervous system.
We summarize the current understanding of protozoa penetration across the blood-brain barrier, focusing on Plasmodium, Babesia, Trypanosoma, Toxoplasma, Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia. Advances in understanding the molecular pathways will offer opportunities for the rational development of novel therap...
[Cerebral hydatic cyst and psychiatric disorders. Two cases].
We report the case of two patients that have been hospitalized first in the Academic Psychiatric Unit of Marrakech for isolates psychiatric disorders and whose scanning revealed the presence of cerebral hydatic cyst and that required a surgical intervention in neurosurgery. Case 1 - Patient 29 years...