Infant 64,831 articles
Fungal infections and antifungal prophylaxis in pediatric cardiac extracorporeal life support
We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively maintained database and collected data on all hospital-acquired infections in patients supported for cardiac indications at a tertiary children's hospital from 1989 to 2008. ECMO was deployed 801 times in 767 patients. After exclusion crite...
Prevention of vitamin D deficiency in mothers and infants worldwide - a paradigm shift.
Vitamin D deficiency in mothers and infants is a global health disorder despite recognition that it is preventable. Recent data support the theory that vitamin D deficiency in adults and children may increase the risk of infections and auto-immune diseases. In most cases, vitamin D deficiency is cau...
The promise of service learning in a pediatric audiology course on clinical training with the pediatric population.
This study investigated the effectiveness of service learning (SL) and its impact on students' clinical competency, interest in pediatric audiology as a career, and levels of community engagement, as well as its impact on the community. Forty-eight students enrolled i...
Analysis of indoor PM2.5 exposure in Asian countries using time use survey.
Most household fuels used in Asian countries are solid fuels such as coal and biomass (firewood, crop residue and animal dung). The particulate matter (PM), CO, NOx and SOx produced through the combustion of these fuels inside the residence for cooking and heating has an adverse impa...
[Most anaesthetics can be used without damaging effects of the breastfed child].
Breastfeeding women who undergo general anaesthesia often receive conflicting recommendations regarding the need to discard their milk before resumption of breastfeeding. This narrative review describes the sparse evidence to support the current practice of discarding milk as advocated by many physic...
National estimates of the inpatient burden of pediatric bipolar disorder in the United States.
Pediatric bipolar disorder (BPD) is a debilitating recurrent chronic mental illness, characterized by cycling states of depression, mania, hypomania, and mixed episodes. Similarly to adults, children and adolescents with BPD are typically treated with pharmacotherapy and adjunctive p...
Monovalent rotavirus vaccine provides protection against an emerging fully heterotypic G9P rotavirus strain in Mexico.
We conducted a case-control study to assess the field effectiveness of RV1 against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis caused by this unusual strain and to determine whether the G9P emergence was related to vaccine failure or failure to vaccinate. RV1 was 94% effective (95% confidence interval, 16%-...
Misdiagnosis of knee venous malformation as juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
We discuss the diagnostic challenges encountered in children with venous malformation of the knee who were misdiagnosed as having juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We highlight the clinical and imaging differences between these 2 disorders with the goal of preventing these diagnostic pitfalls in the fu...
The epidemiology of pediatric patients seen at the Children's Hospital of Oklahoma with laboratory confirmed influenza in 2009.
We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients 0-18 years, in 2009 that tested positive at Children's Hospital for influenza. Type of influenza, initial presentation, secondary complications, underlying co-morbidities, hospitalization, death, antiviral and antibiotic prescribing practices wer...
The use of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation via artificial airways.