Pesticides 983 articles
An exploratory study of sustainable apparel retailers on the internet
The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify the general characteristics of online retailers selling sustainable apparel and examine their sustainability initiatives throughout the supply chain. Hart's (1995) natural resource–based view (N–RBV) was used in this study as a foundational fr...
Treatment of contaminated water with pesticides via adsorption
Static adsorption experiments of pesticides (alachlor, trifluralin and prometryn) on amberlite XAD-4 were carried out at pH 5. The effect of ionic strength (0.01–2 M) on the pesticides adsorption was also investigated. This effect is more pronounced for the adsorption of more polar molecules (alach...
Managing pesticide risks for non-target ecosystems with pesticide risk indicators: a multi-criteria approach
We apply some recently developed pesticide risk indices and test their potential for management purposes. A pilot approach is proposed, which explores pesticide worst-case hazard scenarios at different space-time scales by means of a set of five ecotoxicological risk indices. The results are then in...
Genotoxic effects of occupational exposure in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of pesticide preparing workers in Hungary.
Venous blood samples of 240 donors including 33 industrial and 60 historical controls were investigated in order to assess the genotoxic risk of pesticide preparing workers manufacturing monochlorinated benzene in Hungary. Mutation frequencies were determined in the hypoxanthine-(guanine)-phosphorib...
Threats and human influence on coastal ecosystem of Southern India
We conducted an intensive study of Aghanashini estuary for water quality and fish diversity in west coast of India. Coastal ecosystems are impacted by many stressors and are continually subjected to threats from multiple stresses imposed mostly by human activities predominantly as a result of increa...
Development of new methods to assess invertebrate immunology and immunotoxicology in aquaculture: oysters and lobsters as examples
We developed assays to assess immune functions and their susceptibility to environmental conditions or toxicants. Flow cytometry allowed the rapid and quantitative analysis of oyster and lobster cell subpopulations and their functions (phagocytosis, peroxide production, natural killer cell-like acti...
Environmental dimensions of fertilizer and pesticide use; relevance to Indian agriculture
This paper presents an overview of the environmental consequences of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and the measures needed to mitigate the adverse impact of these chemicals on environment. The issues are then analysed from the perspective of the use of fertilizers and pesticides in Indian...
[Water pollution as a threat to human health]. FAU - Janicki, K
The sustainability strategies of Indian pesticide industry: a comparison of domestic vis-a-vis multinational firms
Our study investigates the strategies of pesticide firms from sustainability perspective and compares the process related sustainability strategies of both domestic as well as multinational groups in the industry with the help of selected case studies. The paper highlights how the firms in the said...
Enzymatic inhibition-based electrochemical biosystems: general aspects and applications for the monitoring of aquatic ecosystems
The use of biosensor-based analytical methods, and specifically of the techniques based on 'inhibition' enzymatic amperometric electrodes, is gaining growing interest in the field of toxicity tests in environmental and food matrices. This contribution proposes the use of inhibition-based enzymatic bi...