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Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms (13)
- Adaptation, Psychological
- Child Rearing
- Defense Mechanisms
- Human Characteristics
Articles on Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
Presynaptic modulation by endocannabinoids.
Modulation of neurotransmitter release by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is a prominent presynaptic mechanism for regulation of synaptic transmission. Activation of GPCRs located at the presynaptic terminal can decrease the probability of neurotransmitter release. This presynaptic depression in...
Implications on cerebellar function from information coding.
One function of the cerebellar cortex is to process information. There are at least two types of information. Temporal information is encoded in the timing pattern of action and synaptic potentials, whereas structural information is encoded in the spatial pattern of the cerebellar synaptic circuitry...
Dose-response features of neuroprotective agents: an integrative summary.
This article provides an integrative summary of the effects of neuroprotective agents on neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth using primary cell cultures, multiple neuronal cell lines, and astroglial cells. These findings are dealt with in considerable detail in the following three articles (Calab...
The target selective neural response--similarity, ambiguity, and learning effects.
Brain development, environment and sex: what can we learn from studying graviperception, gravitransduction and the gravireaction of the deve...
As man embarks on space exploration and contemplates space habitation, there is a critical need for basic understanding of the impact of the environmental factors of space, and in particular gravity, on human survival, health, reproduction and development. This review summarizes our present knowledg...
Neural correlates of trust.
We used hyperfunctional magnetic resonance imaging, in which two strangers interacted online with one another in a sequential reciprocal trust game while their brains were simultaneously scanned. By designing a nonanonymous, alternating multiround game, trust became bidirectional, and we were able t...
Gating of Sema3E/PlexinD1 Signaling by Neuropilin-1 Switches Axonal Repulsion to Attraction during Brain Development
We show that Sema3E/PlexinD1 signaling plays an important role in initial development of descending axon tracts in the forebrain. Early errors in axonal projections are reflected in behavioral deficits in Sema3E null mutant mice. Two distinct signaling mechanisms can be distinguished downstream of S...
[Activity balance in behavioural inhibition and behavioural approach systems and rest blood pressure in humans].
The study determined the contribution of activity balance of the two motivational systems, i.e. appetitive and defensive, into mechanisms of blood pressure (BP) regulation in humans. Average age of participants was 30.29 +/- 9.8 years. Men having the BP within normal range and the individuals with f...
The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanism of self-regulation.
Behaviors associated with fever in children with autism spectrum disorders.
We documented behavior change among children with autism spectrum disorders during fever. The data suggest that these changes might not be solely the byproduct of general effects of sickness on behavior; however, more research is needed to prove conclusively fever-specific effects and elucidate thei...