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Articles on Repression
On telling the whole story: facts and interpretations in autobiographical memory narratives from childhood through midadolescence.
We found evidence for strong increases in interpretive information during adolescence, but not before. These increases were evident across different types of events, and across different subtypes of interpretive content. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for the development of...
Emotional suppression and breast cancer: validation research on the Spanish Adaptation of the Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS).
Emotional suppression has played an important role in the research on psychosocial factors related to cancer. It has been argued to be an important psychological factor predicting worse psychosocial adjustment in people with cancer and it may mediate health outcomes. The reference instrument in the...
Thought suppression in patients with bipolar disorder.
We hypothesized that patients with BD would engage in more active suppression of negative and hyperpositive thoughts than would controls, as revealed by their unscrambling more word strings into negative or hyperpositive sentences. Under conditions of load or reward and in the absence of either load...
[Confabulations--prior and recent theories of a mysterious syndrome].
Confabulations are no unitary syndrome, but comprise different forms of verbal statements with a varying aetiology. They can pertain to autobiographical events, semantic knowledge, the past, presence and future and are fabricated, distorted or misinterpreted memories or perceptions without conscious...
Developmental differences in the use of recognition memory rejection mechanisms.
The current experiment examined the use of plausibility judgments by children to reject distractors presented on yes/no recognition memory tests. Participants studied two lists of word pairs that shared either a categorical or rhyme association, which constituted the global nature of the two study c...
Latent variable modeling of cognitive processes in true and false recognition of words: A developmental perspective.
The present study aimed at testing theoretical predictions of the fuzzy-trace theory about true and false recognition. The effects of semantic relatedness and study opportunity on true and false recognition of words from Deese, Roediger, McDermott lists (J. Deese, 1959; D. R. Read, 1996; H. L. Roedi...
Inoculation or antidote? The effects of cognitive interview timing on false memory for forcibly fabricated events.
This study examined whether a cognitive interview (CI) can counteract the effects of suggestive interviews involving forced fabrication. College students witnessed a filmed event and were later forced to fabricate answers to misleading questions about the event. All witnesses were interviewed with a...
A prospective examination of catastrophic misinterpretations and experiential avoidance in emotional distress following loss.
This prospective study examined the role of experiential avoidance and catastrophic misinterpretations of grief reactions in emotional distress following the death of a loved one. Eighty-two bereaved individuals completed measures of experiential avoidance, catastrophic misinterpretations, and sympt...
Memory repression: brain mechanisms underlying dissociative amnesia.
We used fMRI to investigate neural activity associated with memory retrieval in two patients with dissociative amnesia. For each patient, three categories of face photographs and three categories of people's names corresponding to the photographs were prepared: those of "recognizable" high school fr...
Childrens eyewitness memory: A comparison of two interviewing strategies as realized by forensic professionals
We examined effects of two interviewing strategies (police/verbal interviews and clinician/prop-assisted interviews) on young children's reports about a medical examination. A total of 58 4-year-olds participated in the study, which conformed to a 2 (Interview Type)x2 (Number of Interviews) factoria...