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- Growth Cones
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- Neurons, Afferent
Articles on Neurons
AMIGO is expressed in multiple brain cell types and may regulate dendritic growth and neuronal survival.
We report here that AMIGO is a glycosylated protein widely expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), and can be found in neurons, astrocytes as well as oligodendrocytes. In morphologically mature primary neurons, endogenous AMIGO, and transfected full length AMIGO (AMIGO-FL) are largely dendrit...
Cell death pathways and autophagy in the central nervous system and its involvement in neurodegeneration, immunity and central nervous syste...
We summarize new insights into molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Here we review the most important processes of cell death: apoptosis and oncosis. We focus on autophagy, which is pivotal for neuronal homeostasis, in the context of neurodegeneration, infection and immunity. Its dysfunction h...
Pre-Bötzinger complex receives glutamatergic innervation from galaninergic and other retrotrapezoid nucleus neurons.
We wished to determine whether the terminals of RTN-Phox2b neurons contain galanin and VGLUT2 proteins, to identify the specific projections of the galaninergic subset, to test whether RTN-Phox2b neurons contact neurons in the pre-Bötzinger complex, and to identify the ultrastructure of these synap...
CaMKII antisense oligodeoxynucleotides protect against ischemia-induced neuronal death in the rat hippocampus.
These results provide the first evidence that CaMKII antisense ODNs can exert neuroprotective effects on cerebral I/R-induced cell death. The possible molecular mechanisms underlying this effect include 1) an inhibition of CaMKII expression and subsequent suppression of the assembly of the CaMKII·G...
FLRT proteins are endogenous latrophilin ligands and regulate excitatory synapse development.
We identify the FLRT family of leucine-rich repeat transmembrane proteins as endogenous postsynaptic ligands for latrophilins. We demonstrate that the FLRT3 and LPHN3 ectodomains interact with high affinity in trans and that interference with this interaction using soluble recombinant LPHN3, LPHN3 s...
Distinct neuronal coding schemes in memory revealed by selective erasure of fast synchronous synaptic transmission.
We show that knockdown of synaptotagmin-1, the major Ca(2+) sensor for neurotransmitter release, abrogated neurotransmission evoked by isolated spikes but only delayed, without abolishing, neurotransmission evoked by bursts of spikes. Nevertheless, knockdown of synaptotagmin-1 in the hippocampal CA1...
The clinical and pathological phenotype of C9ORF72 hexanucleotide repeat expansions.
There is increasing evidence that frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are part of a disease continuum. Recently, a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in C9orf72 was identified as a major cause of both sporadic and familial frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic la...
Ablation of LMO4 in glutamatergic neurons impairs leptin control of fat metabolism.
We asked whether LMO4 is required for metabolic homeostasis. LMO4 mutant mice exhibited early onset adiposity. These mice had reduced energy expenditure and impaired thermogenesis together with reduced sympathetic outflow to adipose tissues. The peptide hormone leptin, produced from adipocytes, acti...
Perineural and intraneural invasion in posttherapy pancreaticoduodenectomy specimens predicts poor prognosis in patients with pancreatic duc...
We performed a detailed examination of neural invasion in pancreaticoduodenectomy specimens from 212 patients with PDAC who received neoadjuvant chemoradiation (treated group) and in 60 untreated patients at our institution between January 1999 and December 2007. The frequency of PNI was higher in t...
Specification of GnRH-1 neurons by antagonistic FGF and retinoic acid signaling.
We provide evidence that in chick GnRH-1 neurons originate in the olfactory placode, where they are specified shortly after olfactory sensory neurons. FGF signaling is required and sufficient to induce GnRH-1 neurons, while retinoic acid represses their formation. Both pathways regulate and antagoni...