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Manual Communication (1)
Articles on Manual Communication
Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) point to inform a human about the location of a tool.
We tested six orangutans and five bonobos using a set-up in which our subjects had to guide a human experimenter to the hiding place of a fork which was needed in order to retrieve a piece of food for the subject out of a vertical tube. We further examined the potential role of a competitive/decepti...
Vibrotactile pattern recognition on the arm and back.
A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness with which a tactile display mounted on either the forearm or the back can be used to communicate simple instructions and commands. In the first two sets of experiments, participants identified a vibrotactile pattern using a visual...
From proto-mimesis to language: Evidence from primatology and social neuroscience
We reconcile the conception of language as a conventional-normative semiotic system with a perception/action-based account of its structure and meaning? And why should linguistic meaning--as opposed to linguistic expression--be so closely related to motor activity and its neural underpinnings, as su...
Preference for language in early infancy: the human language bias is not speech specific.
Fundamental to infants' acquisition of their native language is an inherent interest in the language spoken around them over non-linguistic environmental sounds. The following studies explored whether the bias for linguistic signals in hearing infants is specific to speech, or reflects a general bia...
When the hands speak
We will summarize evidence that the control of spoken language shares the same system involved in the control of arm gestures. Studies of primate premotor cortex discovered the existence of the so-called mirror system as well as of a system of double commands to hand and mouth. These systems may hav...
[Assessment of gestures and their psychiatric relevance].
We have a number of descriptive-analytic, categorizing and semantic content related scales and scoring systems. Generation of gestures, the integrative system with speech and the inter-cultural differences are in the focus of interest. Furthermore, analysis of the gestural changes caused by lesions...
An experimental investigation of the automatic/voluntary dissociation in limb apraxia
We aimed to evaluate the automatic/voluntary dissociation (AVD) in four patients affected by clinically relevant limb apraxia. For this purpose, we sampled different kinds of gestures belonging to patients' motor repertoire and then assessed their production in a testing session. Our experimental pr...
On not being noticed: intellectual disabilities and the nonvocal register.
[Autism and nursing. Facilitated communication: significance of and use to the nursing of persons with autism with severe disabilities of ac...
The following article searches for evidence based nursing measures in case of severe disabilities of action and communication, if criteria of autism can be applied. The effects of the impairments on daily life are described in typical situations. The caregivers of the persons affected must perform a...