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Masticatory Muscles (3)
Articles on Masticatory Muscles
[Dissertations 25 years after date 32. Physiological aspects of mastication].
Mastication is the first phase of the digestive process. It serves to reduce the size ofsolid food and to mix it with saliva so that it can be swallowed. The degree to which food is reduced in size depends on various factors, such as the masticatory force generated by the jaw muscles...
Modeling the biomechanics of articular eminence function in anthropoid primates.
One of the most prominent features of the cranial component of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the articular eminence (AE). This bar of bone is the primary surface upon which the condyle translates and rotates during movements of the mandible, and is therefore the primary point...
Masticatory hypermuscularity is not related to reduced cranial volume in myostatin-knockout mice.
It has been suggested recently that masticatory muscle size reduction in humans resulted in greater encephalization through decreased compressive forces on the cranial vault. Following this logic, if masticatory muscle size were increased, then a reduction in brain growth should also...
"Performance-enhancing oral appliances": fact or fiction?
Diagnostic Value of Ultrasonography in Temporomandibular Disorders
The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of ultrasonographic imaging (USI) in temporomandibular disorders. USI and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 182 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of 91 patients who were referred for treatm...
Do malocclusion and Helkimo Index ≥ 5 correlate with body posture?
We have investigated whether malocclusal traits and having a Helkimo Index ≥ 5 show detectable correlations with body-posture alterations in children and young adults. A total of 1178 11- to 19-year-old subjects were divided into four groups: (i) controls; (ii) malocclusion; (iii) Helkimo Index ...
[Temporomandibular dysfunction causes orofacial pain].
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the most common cause of chronic orofacial pain. They are characterized by painful and hampered jaw function. Especially disc displacements, osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscle problems are frequent. The pain is localized in the...
Comparison between the reliability levels of manual palpation and pressure pain threshold in children who reported orofacial pain
The aim of this study was to compare the intra- and inter-rater reliability of pressure pain threshold (PPT) and manual palpation (MP) of orofacial structures in symptomatic and symptom-free children for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Fourteen children reporting pain in masticato...
Effects of orofacial myofunctional therapy on temporomandibular disorders.
The objectives of the current study were to analyze the effects of orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) on the treatment of subjects with associated articular and muscular temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Thirty subjects with associated articular and muscular TMD, according to the...
Effect of the Enveloppe Linguale Nocturne on atypical swallowing: surface electromyography and computerised postural test evaluation.