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Natural Science Disciplines (9)
Articles on Natural Science Disciplines
[A tale of 2 cities. The dispute over the true origins of the Royal Society].
When the Royal Society was founded in November 1660 it took scientific societies already existing in other European countries as its model. However, at a time when the new mathematical and experimental sciences were still generally without a secure institutional foundation there was also great inter...
[Systematic study of natural artifacts. On the program of the Academia Naturae Curiosorum of 1652 and its early history].
By means of indications this paper stresses the importance of the founder's father of the Academia Naturae Curiosorum, Leonhard Bausch, for the academy founded 16 years after his death. The long array of the monographs of predecessors, listed by Philipp Jacob Sachs von Lewenhaimb, whereof nearly the...
[The Leopoldina--a terra incognita in German academic historiography. Johann Laurentius Bausch on his 400th birthday].
This paper deals with the stupendous and strange fact, that up to now the general history was not been noticing the oldest European Academy of Sciences, the Academia Naturae Curiosorum, which was founded in 1652 and has been continuously active since their establishment. In the most cases the Leopol...
Erciyes University students' knowledge about AIDS: differences between students of natural and social science.
The authors' goal in this study was to assess differences in knowledge about AIDS between students of natural science (NS) and social science (SS). The authors surveyed 542 students at Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey, regarding their knowledge of AIDS. Some differences in knowledge about AIDS...
[Beeckman's medical learning by reading].
We can find similar ways of reading in the works of Lucretius and Cardano which young Beeckman read repeatedly. Beeckman learned the way of explaining natural phenomena with atomism from Lucretius' De rerum natura, and the way of explaining mechanics with natural philosophy and of demonstrating the...
[The Accademia dei Lincei (1603-1630) and the Accademia del Cimento (1657-1667].
The development of scientific academies during the 17th century in the old Italian States is illustrated on the basis of two examples: that of the Accademia dei Lincei with seat in Rome and that of the Accademia del Cimento with seat in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. After a short survey of their activ...
[Lysenkoism in Polish botany].
Lysenkoism in Poland was never an autonomous phenomenon. The whole array of reasons for which it appeared in Polish science would require a separate study--here it only needs to be pointed out that the major reasons included terror on the part of the security service, lawlessness, the ubiquitous atm...
[Radioecology as a branch of natural science: some thoughts on the interesting past, intricate and vital present and future prospects].
The paper describes more than a century-old history of radioecology, science which studies radionuclide migration in the environment and ionizing radiation effects on biota. The main stages are identified in the development of this branch of natural science associated with the study of problems of r...
[The foundation of the Paris Academy of Sciences in the political and scientific context].
In 1666, the Paris Academy of Sciences was founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert. This foundation had several political and scientific dimensions, which will be discussed in a synthetic way. The intellectual and scientific activity which took place in Paris in the first half of the seventeenth century wi...
The nature of psychology: the great dilemmas.
Research about the nature of psychology, its subject matter, its level of analysis, its scientific laws, its relationship with other disciplines, and its social relevance has been a matter of great concern and interest during the development of psychology. This problem can be analyzed in terms of th...