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Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections (2)
Articles on Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections
Protozoa traversal of the blood-brain barrier to invade the central nervous system.
We summarize the current understanding of protozoa penetration across the blood-brain barrier, focusing on Plasmodium, Babesia, Trypanosoma, Toxoplasma, Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia. Advances in understanding the molecular pathways will offer opportunities for the rational development of novel therap...
[Clinical analysis of 78 cases of parasitic encephalopathy].
There were 52 male and 26 female patients with a mean age of (34.5+/-11.4) years. Among these patients, 32.1% (25/78) had a history of eating raw, neurocysticercosis accounted for 78.2% (61/78), cerebral sparganosis 15.4% (12/78), cerebral paragonimiasis 3.8% (3/78), and cerebral toxoplasmosis 2.6%...
Molecular confirmation of Sappinia pedata as a causative agent of amoebic encephalitis.
Pathogenic free-living amoebae, such as Acanthamoeba species, Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Naegleria fowleri, are known to cause infections of the central nervous system in human and other animals. In 2001, a case of human encephalitis was reported that was caused by another amoeba with morphologica...
[Descriptive epidemiology of extrapulmonary hydatid cysts: a report of 265 Tunisian cases].
There were 101 male and 164 female patients (sex ratio M/F = 0.61) ranging in age from 2 to 84 years (mean age = 38.7). In our series, hydatid cysts involved mainly the kidney (24.1%), the central nervous system (22.6%), the liver (19.6%) and the spleen (11.3%). The other less frequent sites include...
Multiple infected cerebral hydatid cysts
We report an unusual patient with multiple infected cerebral hydatid cysts. A 20-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of headache and progressive left-sided hempiparesis. A cerebral CT scan showed a large and heterogeneous parieto-occipital lesion. During surgery an infected hydatid cyst wa...
Echinococcosis presenting as an otogenic brain abscess: An unusual lesion of the middle ear cleft and temporal lobe
This paper presents a case of a 28-year-old male with a seizure episode and a 4-year history of intermittent tinnitus on the left ear. On computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, a density with rim enhancement was found at the temporal lobe, associated with mastoid tegmen destruction and...
Primary central nervous system vasculitis in a child mimicking parasitosis.
Early and non-invasive evaluation of hydatid infestation of brain and spine is of paramount importance, especially in endemic areas. We present a spectrum of imaging findings in neurohydatidosis with a brief review of literature.
Toxocariasis of the CNS simulating acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.
Visceral larva migrans presenting as multiple intracranial and intraspinal abscesses.
We describe a 38-year-old man who presented with multiple intracranial and intramedullary abscesses caused by visceral larva migrans. Neurohelminthiasis as a cause of multiple abscesses, though rare, should be entertained as a differential diagnosis particularly in tropical South-east Asian countrie...