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Mental Processes (8)
Articles on Mental Processes
Therapeutic strategies to avoid long-term adverse outcomes of neonatal antiepileptic drug exposure
We examine short- and long-term functional effects following exposure of neonatal rat pups to phenobarbital; the functions tested include striatal gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic synaptic responses and reflex development in pups, and fear conditioning, emotionality, and sensory-motor gating in a...
Breakfast improves cognitive function in cirrhotic patients with cognitive impairment.
Chronic hyperammonemia may negatively affect attention. Eating breakfast improves attention and executive functions of patients with MHE. Prolonged periods of starvation may be partly responsible for these changes. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01083446....
Neural specificity predicts fluid processing ability in older adults.
We investigated whether individual differences in neural specificity-the distinctiveness of different neural representations-could explain individual differences in cognitive performance in older adults. Neural specificity was estimated based on how accurately multivariate pattern analysis identifie...
On-time vaccine receipt in the first year does not adversely affect neuropsychological outcomes.
Timely vaccination during infancy has no adverse effect on neuropsychological outcomes 7 to 10 years later. These data may reassure parents who are concerned that children receive too many vaccines too soon....
Cultural neuroscience of the self: understanding the social grounding of the brain.
Cultural neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field of research that investigates interrelations among culture, mind and the brain. Drawing on both the growing body of scientific evidence on cultural variation in psychological processes and the recent development of social and cognitive neuroscience...
Bilateral brain regions associated with naming in older adults
We tested 24 individuals aged 56-79 on two confrontation-naming tests (the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and the Action Naming Test (ANT)), then collected from these individuals structural Magnetic-Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) data. Overall, several regions showed that great...
[Mental images around pregnancy].
We performed semi-structured interviews to 100 women who had just given birth in a maternity hospital in the northern area of the country and whose residence were located in the municipalities of Amares, Braga, Póvoa de Lanhoso, Vila Verde, Vieira do Minho and Terras de Bouro. We tried to identify...
RETRACTED: From single neuron-firing to consciousness-Towards the true solution of the binding problem
The human brain consists of millions of neural nerve cells being interconnected and firing in parallel in order to process information. A fundamental question is how this parallel neuron-firing can result in a unified experience. This is the so-called binding problem--a problem that is one of today'...
Of bits and wows: A Bayesian theory of surprise with applications to attention
The amount of information contained in a piece of data can be measured by the effect this data has on its observer. Fundamentally, this effect is to transform the observer's prior beliefs into posterior beliefs, according to Bayes theorem. Thus the amount of information can be measured in a natural...
Cultural differences in the visual processing of meaning: detecting incongruities between background and foreground objects using the N400.