[Experimental model for the examination of inner pressure tolerance of telescopic anastomosis and other frequently performed anastomosis types of the esophagus].
We have good results with telescopic anastomosis technique in partial oesophagectomies and gastrectomies. As we could not find data about the healing process of telescopic anastomoses so we started experimenting. Inside pressure tolerance was examined immediately after performing anastomoses by measuring the bursting pressure using the organs of pigs slaughtered in the meat industry. Both oesophago-gastrostomies and oesophago-jejunostomies were performed with telescopic, single layer interrupted, single layer continuous, double layer interrupted and double layer continuous-interrupted technique, 9 of each anastomosis. A series of oesophago-jejunostomies were performed with EEA stapler. 99 anastomoses of 11 types were investigated. We found, that the inner pressure tolerance of telescopic oesophago-gastrostomy is better than any other single layer type variant. On the other hand the double layer type variants have much better pressure tolerance than the telescopic and other two type single layer anastomoses. The difference is statistically significant. In oesophago-jejunostomies the pressure tolerance of telescopic anastomosis is better than of the single layer interrupted type but the difference between the telescopic and single layer continuous type anastomoses is not significant. The pressure tolerance of double layer anastomosis is higher than the telescopic one but the difference is significant only in the continuous-interrupted type. The inner pressure tolerance of telescopic and EEA stapler anastomoses are equal. The investigation of additional features in anastomosis healing is in progress.