A cDNA, designated celF, encoding a cellulase (CelF) was isolated from the anaerobic fungus Orpinomyces PC-2. The open reading frame contains regions coding for a signal peptide, a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM), a linker, and a catalytic domain. The catalytic domain was homologous to those of CelA and CelC of the same fungus and to that of the Neocallimastix patriciarum CELA, but CelF lacks a docking domain, characteristic for enzymes of cellulosomes. It was also homologous to the cellobiohydrolase IIs and endoglucanases of aerobic organisms. The gene has a 111-bp intron, located within the CBM-coding region. Some biochemical properties of the purified recombinant enzyme are described.