Kinetic properties of turkey pancreatic lipase: a comparative study with emulsified tributyrin and monomolecular dicaprin.
Using the classical emulsified system and the monomolecular film technique, we compared several interfacial properties of turkey pancreatic lipase (TPL) and human pancreatic lipase (HPL). TPL, like HPL, presented the interfacial activation phenomenon when vinyl ester was used as substrate. In the absence of colipase and bile salts, using tributyrin emulsion or monomolecular films of dicaprin at low surface pressure, TPL, unlike HPL, hydrolyzes pure tributyrin emulsion as well as dicaprin films maintained at low surface pressures. TPL was also able to hydrolyze triolein emulsion in the absence of any additive and despite the accumulation of long-chain free fatty acids at the interface. The difference of behaviors between TPL and HPL can be explained by the penetration power of each enzyme. The enzyme that presents the maximal pi(c) (TPL) interacts more efficiently with interfaces, and it is not denaturated at high interfacial energy. Turkey pancreatic lipase is more active on rac-dicaprin than HPL; a maximal ratio of 9 was found between the catalytic activities of the two lipases measured at their surface pressure optima (20 mN m(-1)). A kinetic study on the surface pressure dependency, stereospecificity, and regioselectivity of TPL was performed using enantiopure diglyceride (1,2-sn-dicaprin and 2,3-sn-dicaprin) and a prochiral isomer (1,3-dicaprin) that were spread as monomolecular films at the air-water interface. At low surface pressure (15 mN m(-1)), TPL acts preferentially on primary carboxylic ester groups of the diglyceride isomers (1,3-dicaprin), but at high surface pressure (23 mN m(-1)), this enzyme prefers both adjacent ester groups of the diglyceride isomers (1,2-sn-dicaprin and 2,3-sn-dicaprin). HPL prefers adjacent ester groups of the diglyceride isomers (1,2-sn-dicaprin and 2,3-sn-dicaprin). Furthermore, TPL was found to be markedly stereospecific for the sn-1 position of the 1,2-sn-enantiomer of dicaprin at low surface pressure (15 mN m(-1)), while at high surface pressure (23 mN m(-1)), this lipase presents a stereopreference for the sn-3 position of the 2,3-sn-enantiomer of dicaprin. HPL is stereospecific for the sn-1 position of the 1,2-sn-enantiomer of dicaprin both at 15 and 23 mN m(-1).
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