Requirements for pYXXM motifs in Cbl for binding to the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Crk, and activation of atypical protein kinase C and glucose transport during insulin action in 3T3/L1 adipocytes.
Cbl is phosphorylated by the insulin receptor and reportedly functions within the flotillin/CAP/Cbl/Crk/C3G/TC10 complex during insulin-stimulated glucose transport in 3T3/L1 adipocytes. Cbl, via pYXXM motifs at tyrosine-371 and tyrosine-731, also activates phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which is required to activate atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) and glucose transport during thiazolidinedione action in 3T3/L1 and human adipocytes [Miura et al. (2003) Biochemistry 42, 14335-14341]. Presently, we have examined the importance of Cbl in activating PI 3-kinase and aPKC during insulin action in 3T3/L1 adipocytes by expressing Y371F and Y731F Cbl mutants, which nullify pYXXM binding of Cbl to SH2 domains of downstream effectors. Interestingly, these mutants inhibited insulin-induced increases in (a) binding of Cbl to both Crk and the p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase, (b) activation of Cbl-dependent PI 3-kinase, (c) activation and translocation of aPKC to the plasma membrane, (d) translocation of Glut4 to the plasma membrane, (e) and glucose transport. Importantly, coexpression of wild-type Cbl reversed the inhibitory effects of Cbl mutants. In contrast to Cbl-dependent PI 3-kinase, Cbl mutants did not significantly inhibit the activation of PI 3-kinase by IRS-1, which is also required during insulin action. Our findings suggest that (a) Cbl uses pYXXM motifs to simultaneously activate PI 3-kinase and Crk/C3G/TC10 pathways and (b) Cbl, along with IRS-1, functions upstream of PI 3-kinase and aPKCs during insulin-stimulated glucose transport in 3T3/L1 adipocytes.
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