We evaluated the effect of interleukin (IL)-12 on the immune response to Burkholderia mallei in BALB/c mice. Mice were vaccinated with non-viable B. mallei cells with or without IL-12. There was a seven- to nine-fold increase in IgG2a levels, and a significant increase in the proliferative response and interferon (IFN)-@c production by splenocytes from mice that received B. mallei and IL-12. We saw an increase in survivors in the groups of mice that received B. mallei and IL-12 when challenged, compared to mice that received only B. mallei or IL-12. The results suggest that IL-12 can enhance the Th1-like immune response to B. mallei and mediate limited protection from a lethal challenge.
We address the problem of Dirac fermions graphene quantum well and we focus
On the low energy approximation for the Hamiltonian of the system where the
Former can be described by a Dirac-like Hamiltonian. Interesting relations are
Obtained and used to discuss the influence of the spin-orbit coupling...
We analytically compute the RKKY range function as induced by two-dimensional
(2D) hole gases. The bulk valence-band includes heavy-hole (HH) and light-hole
(LH) states and their dynamics is described by the Luttinger Hamiltonian which
We adopt as our framework. We show that even for situations wher...
We describe the conditions under which the predicted (but not yet observed)
Zero-field inter-layer excitonic condensation in double layer graphene has a
Critical temperature high enough to allow detection. Both double monolayer and
Double bilayer graphene are considered in our theory. We present the...
Pubget Updates sends you emails when Pubget finds new papers that match your search. Use Pubget Updates to get the latest articles for your specialty, written by a colleague, or published by your favorite journals.