Second-look arthroscopic findings of 208 patients after ACL reconstruction.
The aim of this study is to report the arthroscopic subjective findings of reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with good clinical outcome. Graft used for reconstruction was either patella bone-tendon-bone (PBTB) autograft or hamstring tendon [quadrupled semitendinous and gracilis tendon (QSGT)] autograft. From March 1997 to September 2003, among 716 ACL reconstructions 209 knees (208 patients) were available for second-look arthroscopy at a mean 21.2-month (range, 14-70 months) postoperative period. The second-look arthroscopy focused on the evaluation of (1) continuity of the reconstructed ACL graft, (2) subjective graft tension using a probe, (3) the extent of synovial coverage, (4) the prevalence of cyclops or cyclops-like lesion, and (5) bony change after notchplasty. Patellar tendon autograft was used in 80 knees, hamstring tendon autograft in 129 knees. Just prior to second-look arthroscopy two objective clinical evaluations, KT-2000 arthrometer and Lysholm knee score, were performed to verify good clinical outcomes. A comparison between the hamstring tendon group and the patella tendon group, hamstring group showed slightly better results in Lysholm knee scores and KT-2000 arthrometer but there were no statistically significant differences (p>0.05). Undetected partial graft tear was seen in 21 knees (10%). With regard to graft tension, a total of 181 grafts (87%) showed normal tension and 28 (13%) showed slight lax tension. The overall synovial coverage was poor in nine (4%) knees. The synovial coverage was slightly better in the hamstring tendon group. A total of 45 knees (21.5%) showed cyclops-like lesion in variable sizes and locations. Reformation of the notch was seen in 85 knees (40%). In conclusion, the findings of second-look arthroscopy of reconstructed ACL in good clinical outcome patients showed approximately 10% partial graft tear, 5% poor synovial coverage, 20% cyclops-like lesion, and 40% some notch reformation.
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