Baroreceptor reflexes are regulated by nerve terminals of the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves. The body of pressure-sensitive neurons of these nerves is located in the petrosal ganglion of both nerves. We examined whether there is a relationship between the neuron numbers of the inferior ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve and blood pressure values.
Petrosal ganglions were examined in 18 male hybrid rabbits divided into three equal groups: Group A normotensive (TA=90-100 mmHg), Group B hypertensive (TA>100 mmHg); and Group C hypotensive (TA<0.001).
An inverse relationship was noticed between the neuronal density in the petrosal ganglion and blood pressure values with potential implications in the study of the etiology of hypertension.