The application of the combined corticotropin-releasing hormone plus desmopressin stimulation during petrosal sinus sampling is both sensitive and specific in differentiating patients with Cushing's disease from patients with the occult ectopic adrenocorticotropin syndrome.
Although bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS) with CRH stimulation is the most accurate procedure for the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome (CS), 4-15% of patients with Cushing's disease (CD) fail to demonstrate diagnostic gradients. Preliminary data suggest that a more potent stimulation by the combined administration of CRH plus desmopressin during BIPSS may provide some diagnostic advantage. A crucial issue, however, is whether such an amplified stimulation may affect the specificity of the procedure, and this was the main aim of the present study.
Among the 38 [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT scans there were 18 positive and 20 negative scans. Out of the 18 positive scans, 17 were true positive and one false positive. These findings suggest that [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT provides additional information in almost half of all cases (overall per patient sensitivity of...
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