OBJECTIVE: To measure the types and quantities of energy-dense, nutrient-poor 'extra' foods consumed by Australian children and adolescents and their contribution to total energy and nutrient intakes. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: We used data from 3007 children, aged 2-18 years, who participated in the nationally representative 1995 National Nutrition Survey. Intake was determined by 24-h recall and 'extra' foods were defined using principles outlined in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) and by applying cut points for maximum amounts of fat and sugar within each food category. RESULTS: All children (99.8%) consumed at least one 'extra' food and the most commonly consumed were margarine, sugar-sweetened soft drinks, cordials and sugar. 'Extra' foods contributed 41% of daily energy intake. Those foods contributing most to energy intake were fried potatoes (4.2%), sugar-sweetened soft drinks (3.3%), ice cream/ice confection (3.1%) and cordials (2.7%). Age and sex were important determinants of 'extra' food intake, with males and older children generally consuming more and different types of, 'extra' foods than females and younger children. 'Extra' foods contributed 19% protein, 47% total fat, 47% saturated fat, 54% sugar, and approximately 20-25% of selected micronutrients to the diet. Calcium and zinc intakes from core foods were below 70% of the recommended dietary intakes for adolescent girls. CONCLUSIONS: 'Extra' foods are over-consumed at two to four times the recommended limits and contribute excessively to the energy, fat and sugar intakes of Australian children, while providing relatively few micronutrients. This is of concern in terms of children's weight and nutrient status.
Evolution of a system of interacting non-relativistic quantum flavor-mixed
particles is considered both theoretically and numerically. It was shown that
collisions of mixed particles not only scatter them elastically, but can also
change their mass eigenstates thus affecting particles' flavor compo...
We study the
Properties of $Z'$ via the Higgs and $Z$ boson associated production. The
Couplings of $Z'$ to quarks can be investigated through $pp \to Z'\to ZH\to
L^+l^-b \bar b$ process, which also provides extraordinary signal for
Understanding the properties of $Z'ZH$ interaction. The standard mo...
Pubget Updates sends you emails when Pubget finds new papers that match your search. Use Pubget Updates to get the latest articles for your specialty, written by a colleague, or published by your favorite journals.