ScathL is a cathepsin L-like cysteine protease from the flesh fly, Sarcophaga peregrina, which digests components of the basement membrane during insect metamorphosis. A recombinant baculovirus (AcMLF9.ScathL) expressing ScathL kills larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens significantly faster than the wild type virus and triggers melanization and tissue fragmentation shortly before death. The tissue fragmentation was assumed to be a direct consequence of basement membrane degradation by ScathL. The goal of this study was to investigate the tissue specificity of ScathL when expressed by AcMLF9.ScathL using light, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Baculovirus expression of ScathL resulted in damage to the basement membrane overlying the midgut, fat body and muscle fibers in larvae infected with AcMLF9.ScathL, but not in larvae infected with the control virus AcMLF9.ScathL.C146A or wild type virus AcMNPV C6. Injection of recombinant ScathL and high levels of baculovirus-mediated expression of ScathL resulted in complete loss of the gut. Extensive damage to the basement membrane mediated by ScathL likely resulted in loss of viability of the underlying tissue and subsequent death of the insect. These results confirm the conclusion of an earlier study (Philip, J.M.D., Fitches, E., Harrison, R.L., Bonning, B.C., Gatehouse, J.A., 2007. Characterisation of functional and insecticidal properties of a recombinant cathepsin L-like proteinase from flesh fly (Sarcophaga peregrina), which plays a role in differentiation of imaginal discs. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 37, 589-600) of the remarkable specificity of this protease.
Higher plants produce a large number of secondary metabolites. Among these are the alkaloids, a group of small nitrogen-containing molecules. Alkaloids often have strong biological activity that protects alkaloid-producing plants from herbivores, and often accumulate to high concentr...
We look at UDC strings derived from the holdings of libraries. In particular we
Analyse the subject headings of holdings of the university library in Leuven,
And an extraction of UDC numbers from the OCLC WorldCat. Comparing those sets
With the Master Reference File, we look into the length of strin...
We specifically consider the charge transfer process from an electrolytic cell
To the external circuit and the adsorption-desorption phenomenon at the
Interfaces. The equations are exactly solved in the small AC signal
Approximation and are used to obtain an exact expression for the electrical
Pubget Updates sends you emails when Pubget finds new papers that match your search. Use Pubget Updates to get the latest articles for your specialty, written by a colleague, or published by your favorite journals.