Maternal periodontal diseases have been associated with increased risk of preterm birth and restricted fetal growth among relatively low socioeconomic groups. Whether the association can be generalized to middle-class populations remains uncertain. We evaluated periodontitis in relation to preterm birth ($70 000, 3.8% reported having periodontitis, 6.4% delivered preterm, 5.4% delivered SGA babies, and 11.0% had poor pregnancy outcome (either preterm birth or SGA). The odds ratio (OR) associated with periodontitis was 1.74 (95% CI 0.65-4.66) for preterm delivery and 2.11 (95% CI 0.76-5.86) for SGA individually. When preterm delivery and/or SGA were combined, the OR was 2.26 (95% CI 1.05-4.85) relating periodontitis with poor pregnancy outcome.
Within the limitations of the study, the results suggest that periodontitis is an independent risk factor for poor pregnancy outcome among middle-class women.