Renal colic is a frequent presentation to the emergency department. Although most cases are genuine, up to 0.6% of cases are factitious, representing attempts to procure parenteral narcotic medication or rarely, to attain unnecessary investigation or invasive treatment. Urethral catherization has been recommended to procure an untampered urine sample, but is viewed as invasive. Calculi analysis has no relevance to acute management. We report a case of factitious renal colic which was definitively proven to be so using sample biochemistry to confirm a tap water sample contaminated with blood. This is diagnostically useful if tap water or normal saline is used to produce an alleged urine sample.
We propose a method for generation of a single-cycle squeezed light by
Parametric down-conversion in a chirped quasi-phase-matched nonlinear crystal.
We find an exact quantum solution for this process valid for an arbitrary
Parametric gain, and discover an ultrabroadband squeezing in the down-conver...
The CTTM has been used to produce a descent of model HXR source
heights that compares well with observations of this event. Based on this
interpretation, downward motion of nonthermal sources should indeed occur in
any flare where there is spectral hardening in the electron distribution during
We determine the minimal number of qubits that are necessary to be accessed
In order to transform Dicke states into other Dicke states. In general, the
Number of qubits in Dicke states cannot be increased via transformation gates
By accessing only a single qubit, in direct contrast to other multipar...
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