[Respiratory responses to microinjections of leptin into the solitary tract nucleus].
Regulatory polypeptide leptin, apart from its well-known hypothalamic effects, stimulates ventilation. The present study on anaesthetised rats was undertaken to elucidate the respiratory effects of 10(-10)-10(-4) M leptin microinjected into the solitary tract nucleus, containing a high concentration of leptin receptors. Injections of 10(-8)-10(-4) M leptin induced dose-dependent increase in ventilation, tidal volume and electric activity of inspiratory muscles; 10(-6) M leptin additionally induced a short-term increase in respiratory frequency and a shortening of both inspiratory and expiratory duration. The respiratory responses to leptin is also characterised by appearance of sighs: deep and prolonged inspirations associated with an augmented burst in the activity of the inspiratory muscles and prolonged post-sigh inter-burst interval. The results taken together with evidence of high concentration of specific leptin ObRb-receptor in the solitary tract nucleus suggest involvement of endogenous leptin in the control of breathing via dorsal structures of the respiratory center.
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