Culture conditions for pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans were optimized using response surface methodology at shake flask level without pH control. In the present investigation, a five-level with five-factor central composite rotatable design of experiments was employed to optimize the levels of five factors significantly affecting the pullulan production, biomass production, and sugar utilization in submerged cultivation. The selected factors included concentration of sucrose, ammonium sulphate, yeast extract, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, and sodium chloride. Using this methodology, the optimal values for concentration of sucrose, ammonium sulphate, yeast extract, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, and sodium chloride were 5.31%, 0.11%, 0.07%, 0.05%, and 0.15% (w/v), respectively. This optimized medium has projected a theoretically production of pullulan of 4.44%, biomass yield of 1.03%, and sugar utilization of 97.12%. The multiple correlation coefficient 'R' was 0.9976, 0.9761 and 0.9919 for pullulan production, biomass production, and sugar utilization, respectively. The value of R being very close to one justifies an excellent correlation between the predicted and the experimental data.
We report on theoretical research in photonic cluster-state computing.
Finding optimal schemes of generating non-classical photonic states is of
Critical importance for this field as physically implementable photon-photon
Entangling operations are currently limited to measurement-assisted stochastic...
We used a nutritional strategy involving supplementation with a blend of nutrients (antioxidants, arginine, B vitamins and fish oil) to test this hypothesis. Middle-aged and old cats between 5·5 and 8·7 years of age were assigned to cognitively equivalent control or treatment groups based on prior...
We study coherent perfect absorption (CPA) of light in a Kerr nonlinear
Metal-dielectric composite medium, illuminated from the opposite ends.
Elementary symmetry considerations reveal that equality of the incident light
Intensities is a prerequisite to ensure CPA in both linear and nonlinear
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