Ultrasonography (US) was applied in this community-based study in northern Madagascar to compare urogenital findings in Schistosoma haematobium-positive individuals (105 women and 116 men) from the high-endemic Sirama village, with urinary egg negative controls (100 women and 108 men) from the neighboring low-endemic Mataipako village. In addition to examination of the urinary tract, the female genitals were examined by transvaginal US, whereas the male genitals were examined by transrectal and transscrotal US. Pathology of the urinary tract was significantly more prevalent among women and men in Sirama. There were no differences in female genital tract between the two study populations, whereas significantly higher proportions of men in Sirama were detected with hyperechogenic and calcified lesions in the seminal vesicles and the prostate. Moreover, the mean size of the seminal vesicles was significantly larger in Sirama. There were no differences with respect to the external male genitals. Six months after anti-schistosome treatment, no changes were observed in the female genital tract in Sirama, whereas hyperechogenicity of the prostate and the seminal vesicles, in addition to size of the seminal vesicles, declined significantly. This study has provided new insight into genital pathology in S. haematobium-infected men and women. However, the clinical significance of these findings needs further exploration.
Shelter-recruited adolescents are known to have high rates of substance abuse and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. Many studies have documented these mental health concerns, but only a small number of studies have tested interventions that may be useful...
We simulate the electron transport across the Au(111)-pentacene interface
Using non-equilibrium Green's functions and density-functional theory
(NEGF-DFT), and calculate the bias-dependent electron transmission. We find
That the electrical contact resistance is dominated by the formation of a
We selected an existing realization for
The Saab 9-5 Instrument Cluster Module ECU (Electronic Control Unit) and the
Surrounding sub-systems. The goal of the case study is to find a better
Solution than the current realization while fulfilling the requirements and
Constraints. The results of the cas...
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