New steroidal glycosides from rhizomes of Clintonia udensis.
A total of 10 steroidal glycosides, together with three new spirostanol glycosides (6-8), a new furostanol glycoside (9), and a new cholestane glycoside (10), were isolated from the rhizomes of Clintonia udensis (Liliaceae). The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 2-D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data, and of hydrolytic cleavage followed by chromatographic or spectroscopic analyses. The isolated glycosides were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against HL-60 leukemia cells. Spirostanol glycosides 1 and 2, and furostanol glycoside 4 showed cytotoxic activity with IC(50) values of 3.2+/-0.02, 2.2+/-0.12, and 2.2+/-0.06 microg/ml, respectively. Neither the spirostanol and furostanol saponins with a hydroxy group at C-1 (6 and 9) and C-12 (7 and 8) nor cholestane glycosides (5 and 10) exhibited apparent cytotoxic activity at a sample concentration of 10 microg/ml.
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