[Use of laparoscopy in neonatal pathology: our experience].
The neonatal duodenal pathology has been diagnosed and treated with open surgery for many years. The use of minimally invasive techniques is widely use today on pediatric surgery, but its use on neonatal pathology poses a challenge. We have conducted a study of the 8 neonatal patients with duodenal obstruction that were operated with a laparoscopy in our hospital between 2001 and 2007. The analyzed parameters were the gender, prenatal diagnostic, type of duodenal malformation, weight at birth, hospitalization stay, start of feeding, complications and follow-up. In our sample (6 girls and 2 boys) the 62.5% of the cases was diagnosed after a prenatal ultrasound scan. The duodenal malformations discovered were 5 atresias, 2 webs and 1 anular pancreas. In all the cases, the feeding started by means of a trans-anastomotic probe 48 hours postoperatives. There were 3 complications: one re-surgery and 2 stenosis of anastomosis. The average hospitalization stay was of 27 days with a mean follow-up of 3 years. We think that laparoscopy is a good method for the treatment of the neonatal duodenal pathology, although the scarce volume of our sample does not allow us to generalize the technique.
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