Insertion (12;9)(p13;q34q34): a cryptic rearrangement involving ABL1/ETV6 fusion in a patient with Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloid leukemia
We report a rare cryptic ins(12;9)(p13;q34q34), a chromosomal abnormality involving the ABL1 (9q34) and the ETV6 (alias TEL; 12p13) genes, detectable only by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), in a patient with Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Using reverse 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole banding on metaphase cells, FISH analysis with BCR/ABL dual-fusion and ETV6 break-apart probes showed that a third ABL signal was inserted into 12p, splitting the ETV6 signal into two adjacent signals. CML patients with an ABL1/ETV6 fusion historically have demonstrated a variable and sometimes transient response to treatment with imatinib mesylate, which was also the case in the present patient.
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