Efficacy of Atorvastatin Reload in Patients on Chronic Statin Therapy Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Objectives: This study was designed to investigate whether an acute atorvastatin reload before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) protects patients receiving chronic statin therapy from periprocedural myocardial damage. Background: Previous ARMYDA (Atorvastatin for Reduction of Myocardial Damage During Angioplasty) studies demonstrated that short-term pre-treatment with atorvastatin reduces myocardial infarction during PCI in statin-naive patients with both stable angina and acute coronary syndromes. Methods: A total of 383 patients (age 66 +/- 10 years, 305 men) with stable angina (53%) or non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (47%) and chronic statin therapy (55% atorvastatin) undergoing PCI were randomized to atorvastatin reload (80 mg 12 h before intervention, with a further 40-mg pre-procedural dose [n = 192]) or placebo (n = 191). All patients received long-term atorvastatin treatment thereafter (40 mg/day). The primary end point was 30-day incidence of major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization). Results: The primary end point occurred in 3.7% of patients treated with atorvastatin reload and in 9.4% in the placebo arm (p = 0.037); this difference was mostly driven by reduction in periprocedural myocardial infarction. There was lower incidence of post-procedural creatine kinase-myocardial band and troponin-I elevation greater than the upper limit of normal in the atorvastatin arm (13% vs. 24%, p = 0.017, and 37% vs. 49%, p = 0.021, respectively). Multivariable analysis identified atorvastatin reload as a predictor of decreased risk of 30-day incidence of major adverse cardiac events (odds ratio: 0.50, 95% confidence interval: 0.20 to 0.80; p = 0.039), mainly in patients with acute coronary syndromes (82% relative risk reduction; p = 0.027). Conclusions: The ARMYDA-RECAPTURE trial suggests that reloading with high-dose atorvastatin improves the clinical outcome of patients on chronic statin therapy undergoing PCI. These findings may support a strategy of routine reload with high-dose atorvastatin early before intervention even in the background of chronic therapy.
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Version: za2963e q8za7 q8zb7 q8zc2 q8zdd q8zed q8zfe q8zg7