The binding of two amyloid fibril stain dyes, thioflavin T (ThT) and its neutral analog 2-[4'-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-benzothiazole (BTA-2), are measured using near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM), which is able to image individual amyloid fibrils. Polarized NSOM images reveal that both dyes bind to the fibrils with the long axis of the molecule aligned parallel to the long axis of the fibrils. This indicates that the dyes bind along the surface of the beta-sheet within the grooves of the fibril that run parallel to the fibril axis. The similarity in the binding motifs of the two dyes shows that electrostatic interaction of the charged amine group on the ThT dye plays a minimal role in the affinity of the dyes for the amyloids. The polarized NSOM images confirm that the enhanced fluorescence of the ThT and BTA-2 result from binding of the monomeric dye rather than micelles or excimer species.
Best-corrected decimal visual acuity was ≥0.65 in all 20 eyes. Microcornea was present in 18 of 18 eyes, short axial lengths in six of six eyes, steep corneal curvatures in four of six eyes, ptosis in 14 of 16 eyes, short palpebral fissures in 15 of 16 eyes and hypotelorism in three of seven pa...
We focus on effects in \epsilon(\omega) due to interband
Transitions (IBTs), which are important in the blue and ultraviolet for noble
Metals used in plasmonics. The dielectric function is found using the
Perturbation of the electron density matrix due to the optical field of
We undertook a spectroscopic monitoring of FF Cam since the
Beginning of 2012 and found an extremely variable H-alpha line profile as well
As periodically variable radial velocities of numerous absorption lines. The
Main conclusion from our study is that FF Cam is a binary system with an
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