Successful management of anti-Jra alloimmunization in pregnancy: a case report.
Hemolytic disease of the fetus/newborn due to Jr(a) immunization is very rare and considered to be mild, and only routine obstetrical care is recommended for pregnant women sensitized to the Jr(a) antigen. A 20-year-old nulliparous woman was referred to our hospital for perinatal management. Her indirect Coombs test was positive for anti-Jr(a) antibody (1:64). At 33 weeks' gestational age, we observed that fetal growth was mildly restricted and the peak systolic velocity of the fetal middle cerebral artery (PSV-MCA) was above the upper limit of the reference range (1.55 multiples of the median). Amniocentesis was also carried out and the DeltaOD450 value was in the lower mid-zone of the Liley curve. We continued to carefully observe the patient because we observed PSV-MCA values within 1.50-1.60 multiples of the median and no other findings of fetal anemia. She vaginally delivered a female infant weighing 2,136 g at 37 weeks' gestational age. The infant received treatment with both iron and recombinant erythropoietin without developing hyperbilirubinemia and blood transfusion. PSV-MCA should be monitored for the detection of fetal anemia, even in pregnant women sensitized to some antigens for which only routine obstetrical care is recommended. Copyright (c) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.DOI: 10.1159/000259724